Nathalie Dupuy

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Soil cores were drilled under the leguminous tree Acacia albida growing in two different ecoclimatic zones of West Africa: the Sahelian area (100 to 500 mm of annual rainfall) and the Sudano-Guinean area (1,000 to 1,500 mm of annual rainfall). Soil samples were collected at different depths from the surface down to the water table level and analyzed for the(More)
Sewage treatment plants produce wastes resulting from the organic matter concentration in the form of sludge. A way of jointly treating and exploiting these increasing wastes jointly is the composting. Composting makes it possible to reduce volumes and the masses of wastes all while developing them in a product usable like organic soil enrichment. In this(More)
Rhizobial isolates that were obtained from both surface and deep soil samples in the Sahelian and Sudano-Guinean areas of Senegal (West Africa) under Acacia albida trees were compared with representative strains of known rhizobial species and genera. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of proteins was used to determine the(More)
The hippocampus is essential for spatiotemporal cognition. Sequences of neuronal activation provide a substrate for this fundamental function. At the behavioral timescale, these sequences have been shown to occur either in the presence of successive external landmarks or through internal mechanisms within an episodic memory task. In both cases, activity is(More)
The authentication of virgin olive oil samples requires usually the use of sophisticated and time consuming analytical techniques. There is a need for fast and simple analytical techniques for the objective of a quality control methodology. Virgin olive oils present characteristic NIR spectra. Chemometric treatment of NIR spectra was assessed for the(More)
The authentication of virgin olive oil samples requires usually the use of sophisticated and very expensive analytical techniques, so there is a need for fast and inexpensive analytical techniques for use in a quality control methodology. Virgin olive oils present an intense fluorescence spectra. Synchronous excitation-emission fluorescence spectroscopy(More)
A new analytical method based on Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) using chemometric tools to treat spectral data is proposed to study the degradation of aqueous phenolic solutions by photo-Fenton process. Obtained results were validated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) taken as a reference method. First a discrimination of(More)
Six Tunisian virgin olive oil (VOO) varieties, Chemlali Sfax, Chetoui, Chemchali, Oueslati, Zarrazi and Zalmati, were characterised by two analytical methods. The gas chromatography allowed the determination of 14 fatty acids and squalene amounts. With fatty acids of each variety, a characteristic "morphotypes" for each oil variety was established. Chemlali(More)
The octane number rating of a gasoline gives an indication of the gasoline performances, under various engine conditions. Two different ratings are included: Research Octane Number (RON) and Motor Octane Number (MON). The standard laboratory method for octane number determination is the knock engine method in which a gasoline is burned and its combustion(More)
This study was conducted to classify petroleum oils in terms of their biodegradation stage by using spectroscopic analysis associated to chemometric treatments. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) has been applied on infrared and UV fluorescence spectra of Brazilian and Pyrenean oils. For Brazil samples, the method allowed to distinguish the biodegraded oils(More)