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Soil cores were drilled under the leguminous tree Acacia albida growing in two different ecoclimatic zones of West Africa: the Sahelian area (100 to 500 mm of annual rainfall) and the Sudano-Guinean area (1,000 to 1,500 mm of annual rainfall). Soil samples were collected at different depths from the surface down to the water table level and analyzed for the(More)
The authentication of virgin olive oil samples requires usually the use of sophisticated and very expensive analytical techniques, so there is a need for fast and inexpensive analytical techniques for use in a quality control methodology. Virgin olive oils present an intense fluorescence spectra. Synchronous excitation-emission fluorescence spectroscopy(More)
A new analytical method based on Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) using chemometric tools to treat spectral data is proposed to study the degradation of aqueous phenolic solutions by photo-Fenton process. Obtained results were validated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) taken as a reference method. First a discrimination of(More)
Rhizobial isolates that were obtained from both surface and deep soil samples in the Sahelian and Sudano-Guinean areas of Senegal (West Africa) under Acacia albida trees were compared with representative strains of known rhizobial species and genera. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of proteins was used to determine the(More)
The study of the behavior of heavy metals in soils requires the knowledge of the complexation between soil constituents and metals and this information is not available from conventional analytical techniques such as atomic absorption. Since metals do not absorb mid infrared radiation, we wanted to characterize them using their interaction with the organic(More)
Color perception plays a major role in the consumer evaluation of perfume quality. Consumers need first to be entirely satisfied with the sensory properties of products, before other quality dimensions become relevant. The evaluation of complex mixtures color presents a challenge even for modern analytical techniques. A variety of instruments are available(More)
An approach for automating the determination of the number of components in orthogonal signal correction (OSC) has been devised. In addition, a novel principal component OSC (PC-OSC) is reported that builds softer models for removing background from signals and is much faster than the partial least-squares (PLS) based OSC algorithm. These signal correction(More)
The hippocampus is essential for spatiotemporal cognition. Sequences of neuronal activation provide a substrate for this fundamental function. At the behavioral timescale, these sequences have been shown to occur either in the presence of successive external landmarks or through internal mechanisms within an episodic memory task. In both cases, activity is(More)
Since the 1970s, increase in fire frequency has been observed in all European Mediterranean regions. The objectives of this study were 1) to determine the effects of wildfire frequency on the recovery at short and long-term of soil chemical and microbial properties and 2) to identify the mechanisms underlying the recovery of these sites properties. Soils(More)
Sewage treatment plants produce wastes resulting from the organic matter concentration in the form of sludge. A way of jointly treating and exploiting these increasing wastes jointly is the composting. Composting makes it possible to reduce volumes and the masses of wastes all while developing them in a product usable like organic soil enrichment. In this(More)