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Mutations in the KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 genes encoding for Kv 7.2 (KCNQ2; Q2) and Kv 7.3 (KCNQ3; Q3) voltage-dependent K(+) channel subunits, respectively, cause neonatal epilepsies with wide phenotypic heterogeneity. In addition to benign familial neonatal epilepsy (BFNE), KCNQ2 mutations have been recently found in families with one or more family members with a(More)
Copy number variants (CNVs) have repeatedly been found to cause or predispose to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). For diagnostic purposes, we screened 194 individuals with ASDs for CNVs using Illumina SNP arrays. In several probands, we also analyzed candidate genes located in inherited deletions to unmask autosomal recessive variants. Three CNVs, a de(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Mutations in the inwardly-rectifying K+ channel KCNJ10/Kir4.1 cause an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by epilepsy, ataxia, sensorineural deafness and tubulopathy (EAST syndrome). KCNJ10 is expressed in the kidney distal convoluted tubule, cochlear stria vascularis and brain glial cells. Patients clinically diagnosed with EAST(More)
We report five cases of multiple giant cell lesions in patients with typical Noonan syndrome. Such association has frequently been referred to as Noonan-like/multiple giant cell (NL/MGCL) syndrome before the molecular definition of Noonan syndrome. Two patients show mutations in PTPN11 (p.Tyr62Asp and p.Asn308Asp) and three in SOS1 (p.Arg552Ser and(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the clinical and neurophysiologic spectrum of myoclonus-dystonia patients with mutations of the SGCE gene. METHODS We prospectively studied 41 consecutive patients from 22 families with documented mutations of the SGCE gene. The patients had a standardized interview, neurologic examination, and detailed neurophysiologic examination,(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify a consistent pattern of brain MRI imaging in primary complex I deficiency. Complex I deficiency, a major cause of respiratory chain dysfunction, accounts for various clinical presentations, including Leigh syndrome. Human complex I comprises seven core subunits encoded by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and 38 core subunits encoded by(More)
Myhre syndrome is a very rare condition described thirty years ago and related to mutations in the SMAD4 gene. It has been reported in 19 patients, including 13 males and 6 females before the recent finding of heterozygous mutations in the SMAD4 gene in 19 patients. It is characterized by mental retardation, short stature, muscle hypertrophy, limitation of(More)
Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency (GAMT-D) is an autosomal recessively inherited disorder of creatine biosynthesis. Creatine deficiency on cranial proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and elevated guanidinoacetate levels in body fluids are the biomarkers of GAMT-D. In 74 patients, 50 different mutations in the GAMT gene have been identified(More)
We report on two sibs with an elongated face with reduced expression, microcephaly, strabismus, wide philtrum, mild joint laxity, thumb sign, bilateral foot drop, and fixed pes cavus, absent tendinous reflexes, an unsteady gait, quick fatigue, slightly diminished limb muscle strength more pronounced distally, abnormalities of cranial nerves III, IV, VII,(More)
Trisomy 21 (T21), or Down syndrome (DS), is the most frequent and recognizable cause of intellectual disabilities. The level of disability, as evaluated by the intelligence quotient (IQ) test, varies considerably between patients independent of other factors. To determine the genetic or molecular basis of this difference, a high throughput transcriptomic(More)