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Neutral landscape models are not frequently used in the agro-nomical domain, whereas they would be very useful for studying given agro-ecological or physical processes. Contrary to ecological neutral landscape models, agricultural models have to represent and manage geometrical patches and thus should rely on tessellation methods. We present a three steps(More)
Genetically-modified (GM) crops increased their share in EU agriculture, so the adventitious presence of GM varieties in non-GM seeds and crops has become an issue and poses the problem of their coexistence with conventional and organic crops. Therefore, there is a need to propose appropriate measures at the farm and regional levels to minimize adventitious(More)
IPSIM (Injury Profile SIMulator) is a generic modelling framework presented in a companion paper. It aims at predicting a crop injury profile as a function of cropping practices and abiotic and biotic environment. IPSIM's modelling approach consists of designing a model with an aggregative hierarchical tree of attributes. In order to provide a proof of(More)
In Europe, the current decrease of herbicide application increases and diversifies weed flora in crops. As a consequence, there is an increase in the number of pests that use weeds to spread. This change is a major threat to crop production. For instance broomrape—Phelipanche ramosa—is an obligate parasite of dicotyledonous species that reduces crop yield(More)
Reducing pesticide use in agriculture is necessary to preserve natural resources. However, pest control without pesticides is a challenging issue. In particular, weed infestation may cause severe losses of crop yield. Weeds have been traditionally managed solely at the field level. However, larger scales must be considered because invasive and(More)
The production of genetically-modified (GM) crops has increased rapidly over the last 10 years. The possibility of GM crops mixing with conventional or organic crops is becoming a problem and estimating the adventitious presence of GM seeds into conventional crop harvests presents a challenge. In this study we used outputs from a previously developed(More)
Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (branched broomrape) is a holoparasitic plant that reproduces on crops and also on weeds, which contributes to increase the parasite seed bank in fields. This parasite extracts all its nutrients at the host's expense so that host-parasite trophic relationships are crucial to determine host and parasite growth. This study(More)
A functional approach to predicting shifts in weed floras in response to management or environmental change requires the combination of data on weed traits with analytical frameworks that capture the filtering effect of selection pressures on traits. A weed traits database (WTDB) was designed, populated and analysed , initially using data for 19 common(More)