Nathalie Chauret

Learn More
In this study, we report the effect of methanol, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and acetonitrile on the cytochrome P450 (P450)-mediated metabolism of several substrates in human liver microsomes: phenacetin O-deethylation for P4501A2, coumarin 7-hydroxylation for P4502A6, tolbutamide hydroxylation for P4502C8/2C9, S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylation for P4502C19,(More)
As domestic animals such as cat, horse, and dog increasingly become the clinical targets for drug discovery programs, the need to understand how these animals metabolize xenobiotics becomes more important. In the present study, substrates and inhibitors that were reported to be selective for particular P450 isozymes were used as probes to study in vitro(More)
Recently, a novel nonfluorescent probe 3-[2-(N,N-diethyl-N-methylammonium)-ethyl]-7-methoxy-4-methylcoumarin (AMMC), which produces a fluorescent metabolite AMHC (3-[2-(N,N-diethyl-N-methylammonium)ethyl]-7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin) was used with microsomes containing recombinant enzymes (rCYP) to monitor CYP2D6 inhibition in a microtiter plate assay. This(More)
Odanacatib is a potent cathespin K inhibitor that is being developed as a novel therapy for osteoporosis. The disposition and metabolism of odanacatib were evaluated in rats, dogs, and rhesus monkeys after intravenous and oral administration of [¹⁴C]odanacatib. Odanacatib was characterized by low systemic clearance in all species and by a long plasma(More)
The standard method to evaluate CYP3A inhibition is to study the conversion of the specific CYP3A probe testosterone to its 6 beta-hydroxy metabolite in human liver microsomes, in the absence and presence of potential inhibitors. Quantification of the 6 beta-hydroxy metabolite is achieved by HPLC resulting in a tedious and time-consuming assay. In order to(More)
Odanacatib is a potent, selective, and neutral cathepsin K inhibitor which was developed to address the metabolic liabilities of the Cat K inhibitor L-873724. Substituting P1 and modifying the P2 side chain led to a metabolically robust inhibitor with a long half-life in preclinical species. Odanacatib was more selective in whole cell assays than the(More)
Characterization of the metabolites of the COX-2 inhibitor etoricoxib (MK-0663 and L-791,456) produced in vitro indicate formation of an N-oxide pyridine and hydroxymethyl pyridine that can further be glucuronidated or oxidized to an acid. Significant turnover is observed in human hepatocytes. Several CYPs are involved in the oxidative biotranformations(More)
In this study, we report the effect of methanol, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and acetonitrile on the cytochrome P450 (P450)-mediated metabolism of several substrates in human liver microsomes: phenacetin O-deethylation for P4501A2, coumarin 7-hydroxylation for P4502A6, tolbutamide hydroxylation for P4502C8/2C9, S-mephenytoin 4*-hydroxylation for P4502C19,(More)
Nitrile-based inhibitors of cathepsin K have been known for some time and mechanism-of-action studies have demonstrated that cysteinyl proteases interact with nitriles in a reversible fashion. Three main classes of nitrile-containing inhibitors have been published in the cathepsin K field: (i) cyanamides, (ii) aromatic nitriles, and (iii)(More)
CDP-840 is a selective and potent phosphodiesterase type IV inhibitor, whose in vitro metabolism profile was first investigated using liver microsomes from different species. At least 10 phase I oxidative metabolites (M1-M10) were detected in the microsomal incubations and characterized by capillary high-performance liquid chromatography continuous-flow(More)