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Secretion of cytolytic granules content at the immunological synapse is a highly regulated process essential for lymphocyte cytotoxicity. This process requires the rapid transfer of perforin containing lytic granules to the target cell interface, followed by their docking and fusion with the plasma membrane. Defective cytotoxicity characterizes a(More)
X-linked lymphoproliferative syndromes (XLP) are primary immunodeficiencies characterized by a particular vulnerability toward Epstein-Barr virus infection, frequently resulting in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). XLP type 1 (XLP-1) is caused by mutations in the gene SH2D1A (also named SAP), whereas mutations in the gene XIAP underlie XLP type 2(More)
The homeostasis of the immune response requires tight regulation of the proliferation and apoptosis of activated lymphocytes. In humans, defects in immune homeostasis result in lymphoproliferation disorders including autoimmunity, haemophagocytic lymphohystiocytosis and lymphomas. The X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome (XLP) is a rare, inherited(More)
AIMS To identify the enzymes involved in the metabolism of CMV423, a new anticytomegalovirus molecule, to evaluate its in vitro clearance and to investigate its potential involvement in drug/drug interactions that might occur in the clinic. METHODS The enzymes involved in and the kinetics of CMV423 biotransformation were determined using pools of human(More)
SAP is an adaptor protein expressed in T cells and natural killer cells. It plays a critical role in immunity, as it is mutated in humans with X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome (XLP), a fatal immunodeficiency characterized by an abnormal response to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. SAP interacts with the SLAM family receptors and promotes(More)
Autosomal recessive human ZAP70 deficiency is a rare cause of combined immunodeficiency (CID) characterized by defective CD4 T cells and profound CD8 T cell lymphopenia. Herein, we report two novel patients that extend the molecular genetics, the clinical and functional phenotypes associated with the ZAP70 deficiency. The patients presented as infant-onset(More)
OBJECTIVE Microchimerism (Mc), originating from bidirectional fetal-maternal cell traffic during pregnancy, has recently been identified in healthy adults and in patients with scleroderma (systemic sclerosis [SSc]). This study was undertaken to investigate the frequency and quantitative levels of maternal Mc (MMc) in healthy women and women with SSc. (More)
PURPOSE Fetal microchimerism, derived from fetal cells that persist after pregnancy, is usually evaluated by tests for male microchimerism in women who gave birth to sons. We investigated male microchimerism in women without sons and examined correlation with prior pregnancy history. Immunologic consequences of microchimerism are unknown. We studied healthy(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated 7 male patients (from 5 different families) presenting with profound lymphopenia, hypogammaglobulinemia, fluctuating monocytopenia and neutropenia, a poor immune response to vaccine antigens, and increased susceptibility to bacterial and varicella zoster virus infections. OBJECTIVE We sought to characterize the genetic defect(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a replication study to investigate whether the -945 CTGF genetic variant is associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc) susceptibility or specific SSc phenotype. METHODS The study population comprised 1180 patients with SSc and 1784 healthy controls from seven independent case-control sets of European ancestry (Spanish, French, Dutch,(More)