Nathalie Brouard

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Originally identified as a marker specifying murine hematopoietic stem cells, the Sca-1 antigen has since been shown to be differentially expressed by candidate stem cells in tissues including vascular endothelium, skeletal muscle, mammary gland, and prostate of adult mice. In the adult murine lung, Sca-1 has previously been identified as a selectable(More)
It has become clear that adult mammalian bone marrow contains not one but two ostensibly discrete populations of adult stem cells. The first and by far the most fully characterized are the hematopoietic stem cells responsible for maintaining lifelong production of blood cells. The biological characteristics and properties of the second marrow resident(More)
Bone marrow from numerous species, including rodents and man, has been shown to contain a rare population of cells known as marrow stromal cells or mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). Given the innate ability of these cells to give rise to multiple tissue types including bone, fat and cartilage, there is considerable interest in utilizing MSC in a broad(More)
WNT and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling are known to stimulate hemogenesis from pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells. However, osteochondrogenic mesoderm was generated effectively when BMP signaling is kept to a low level, while WNT signaling was strongly activated. When mesoderm specification from ES cells was exogenous factor dependent, WNT3a(More)
Germ line or hypothalamus-specific deletion of Y2 receptors in mice results in a doubling of trabecular bone volume. However, the specific mechanism by which deletion of Y2 receptors increases bone mass has not yet been identified. Here we show that cultured adherent bone marrow stromal cells from Y2(-/-) mice also demonstrate increased mineralization in(More)
Prosomes, also called "multicatalytic proteinase" (MCP) or "proteasomes," are a new type of ubiquitous RNP particle present in some archeobacteria and in all eukaryotic cells tested from yeast to human. They were discovered as subcomplexes of untranslated messenger-ribonucleoproteins (mRNP) and later found to have a MCP activity putatively involved in(More)
During the course of studies to investigate whether MPC circulate in response to G-CSF, the agent most frequently used to induce mobilization of hematopoietic progenitors, we observed that while G-CSF failed to increase the number of MPC in circulation (assayed in vitro as fibroblast colony-forming cells, CFU-F), G-CSF administration nevertheless resulted(More)
In hematopoiesis, co-expression of Sca-1 and c-Kit defines cells (LS(+)K) with long term reconstituting potential. In contrast, poorly characterized LS(-)K cells fail to reconstitute lethally irradiated recipients. Relative quantification mass spectrometry and transcriptional profiling were used to characterize LS(+)K and LS(-)K cells. This approach yielded(More)
Delayed engraftment remains a major hurdle after cord blood (CB) transplantation. It may be due, at least in part, to low fucosylation of cell surface molecules important for homing to the bone marrow microenvironment. Because fucosylation of specific cell surface ligands is required before effective interaction with selectins expressed by the bone marrow(More)
The use of umbilical cord blood (UCB) grafts for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a promising technique that permits a degree of human leukocyte antigen mismatch between the graft and the host without the concomitant higher rate of graft-versus-host disease that would be observed between an adult marrow graft and a mismatched host. A(More)