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Germ line or hypothalamus-specific deletion of Y2 receptors in mice results in a doubling of trabecular bone volume. However, the specific mechanism by which deletion of Y2 receptors increases bone mass has not yet been identified. Here we show that cultured adherent bone marrow stromal cells from Y2(-/-) mice also demonstrate increased mineralization in(More)
Originally identified as a marker specifying murine hematopoietic stem cells, the Sca-1 antigen has since been shown to be differentially expressed by candidate stem cells in tissues including vascular endothelium, skeletal muscle, mammary gland, and prostate of adult mice. In the adult murine lung, Sca-1 has previously been identified as a selectable(More)
It has become clear that adult mammalian bone marrow contains not one but two ostensibly discrete populations of adult stem cells. The first and by far the most fully characterized are the hematopoietic stem cells responsible for maintaining lifelong production of blood cells. The biological characteristics and properties of the second marrow resident(More)
WNT and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling are known to stimulate hemogenesis from pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells. However, osteochondrogenic mesoderm was generated effectively when BMP signaling is kept to a low level, while WNT signaling was strongly activated. When mesoderm specification from ES cells was exogenous factor dependent, WNT3a(More)
Delayed engraftment remains a major hurdle after cord blood (CB) transplantation. It may be due, at least in part, to low fucosylation of cell surface molecules important for homing to the bone marrow microenvironment. Because fucosylation of specific cell surface ligands is required before effective interaction with selectins expressed by the bone marrow(More)
Bone marrow from numerous species, including rodents and man, has been shown to contain a rare population of cells known as marrow stromal cells or mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). Given the innate ability of these cells to give rise to multiple tissue types including bone, fat and cartilage, there is considerable interest in utilizing MSC in a broad(More)
In hematopoiesis, co-expression of Sca-1 and c-Kit defines cells (LS(+)K) with long term reconstituting potential. In contrast, poorly characterized LS(-)K cells fail to reconstitute lethally irradiated recipients. Relative quantification mass spectrometry and transcriptional profiling were used to characterize LS(+)K and LS(-)K cells. This approach yielded(More)
The low incidence of CFU-F significantly complicates the isolation of homogeneous populations of mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), a common problem being contamination with hematopoietic cells. Taking advantage of burgeoning evidence demonstrating the perivascular location of stromal cell stem/progenitors, we hypothesized that a potential reason for(More)
During the course of studies to investigate whether MPC circulate in response to G-CSF, the agent most frequently used to induce mobilization of hematopoietic progenitors, we observed that while G-CSF failed to increase the number of MPC in circulation (assayed in vitro as fibroblast colony-forming cells, CFU-F), G-CSF administration nevertheless resulted(More)