Nathalie Bonnefoy-Bérard

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TLR are involved in the detection of microbial infection as well as endogenous ligands that signal tissue and cell damage in mammals. This recognition plays an essential role in innate immune response and the initiation of adaptive immune response. We have previously shown that murine CD8 T cells express TLR2, and that costimulation of Ag-activated CD8 T(More)
Mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active metabolite of the immunosuppressive drug mycophenolate mofetil, is a selective inhibitor of inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase type II, a de novo purine nucleotide synthesis enzyme expressed in T and B lymphocytes and up-regulated upon cell activation. In this study, we report that the blockade of guanosine nucleotide(More)
The anthracyclines daunorubicin and doxorubicin were shown to induce apoptosis of hematopoietic cell lines. Here we report that they induce apoptosis of both nonactivated and phytohemagglutinin-activated human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Apoptosis demonstrated by surface expression of phosphatidylserine and typical nuclear alterations reached a maximum(More)
Most memory CD8 T cell subsets that have been hitherto defined are generated in response to infectious pathogens. In this study, we have characterized the CD8 T cells that survive priming conditions, devoid of pathogen-derived danger signals. In both a TCR-transgenic model and a model of contact hypersensitivity, we show that the priming of naive CD8 T(More)
Clonal expansion of activated T and B cells is controlled by homeostatic mechanisms resulting in apoptosis of a large proportion of activated cells, mostly through interaction between CD95 (Fas or Apo-1) receptor and its ligand CD95-L. CD2, which is considered as a CD3/TCR alternative pathway of T cell activation, may trigger activation-induced cell death,(More)
Anti-apoptotic Bfl-1 and pro-apoptotic Bax, two members of the Bcl-2 family sharing a similar structural fold, are classically viewed as antagonist regulators of apoptosis. However, both proteins were reported to be death inducers following cleavage by the cysteine protease µ-calpain. Here we demonstrate that calpain-mediated cleavage of full-length Bfl-1(More)
Antilymphocyte and antithymocyte globulins (ALG) are currently used as immunosuppressive agents in clinical transplantation and for the treatment of severe aplastic anemia. ALG contain a mixture of antibodies that recognize T- and B-cell-specific antigens but mostly nonlineage-specific molecules. We reported previously that ALG could inhibit the(More)
Antithymocyte and antilymphocyte globulins (ALG) are currently used as immunosuppressive agents in organ transplantation and for the treatment of acute graft-versus-host disease and aplastic anemia. Since any type of immunosuppressive treatment is known to carry the risk of developing B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders, we investigated the in vitro effect(More)
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