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Class V myosins are multifunctional molecular motors implicated in vesicular traffic, RNA transport, and mechanochemical coupling of the actin and microtubule-based cytoskeletons. To assess the function of the single myosin V gene in Drosophila (MyoV), we have characterized both deletion and truncation alleles. Mutant animals exhibit no detectable defects(More)
The immune response against viral infection relies on the early production of cytokines that induce an antiviral state and trigger the activation of immune cells. This response is initiated by the recognition of virus-associated molecular patterns such as dsRNA, a viral replication intermediate recognized by TLR3 and certain RNA helicases. Infection with(More)
Vaccines that activate humoral and cell-mediated immune responses are urgently needed for many infectious agents, including the flaviviruses dengue and West Nile (WN) virus. Vaccine development would be greatly facilitated by a new approach, in which nanoscale modules (Ag, adjuvant, and carrier) are assembled into units that are optimized for stimulating(More)
Although glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase's (GAPDH) predilection for AU-rich elements has long been known, the expected connection between GAPDH and control of mRNA stability has never been made. Recently, we described GAPDH binding the AU-rich terminal 144 nt of the colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) 3' untranslated region (UTR), which we showed(More)
The overexpression of the colony-stimulating factor-1(CSF-1) by epithelial ovarian cancer cells enhances invasiveness and metastatic properties, contributing to the poor prognosis of the patients. It has been suggested that CSF-1 3' untranslated region containing AU-rich elements (ARE) could regulate CSF-1 posttranscriptional expression and be responsible(More)
West Nile virus is an emerging pathogen that can cause fatal neurological disease. A recombinant human mAb, mAb11, has been described as a candidate for the prevention and treatment of West Nile disease. Using a yeast surface display epitope mapping assay and neutralization escape mutant, we show that mAb11 recognizes the fusion loop, at the distal end of(More)
The aggressive behavior of breast cancer cells can at times be modulated by hormonal mechanisms. Exposure to glucocorticoids (GC) has been shown to stimulate the invasiveness, motility and adhesiveness of breast cancer cells containing the glucocorticoid receptor. This is largely explained by GC-associated overexpression of the c-fms proto-oncogene, which(More)
In this study, a recombinant truncated West Nile virus envelope protein antigen (rWNV-E) was produced in serum-free cultures of the expresSF+ insect cell line via baculovirus infection. This production system was selected based on its use in the production of candidate human and animal vaccine antigens. A defined fermentation and purification process for(More)
The flavivirus envelope (E) protein mediates cellular attachment and fusion with host cell membranes and is recognized by virus-neutralizing antibodies. We raised antibodies against a broad range of epitopes by immunizing a horse with recombinant West Nile virus (WNV) E protein. To define epitopes recognized by protective antibodies, we selected, by(More)
Although proto-oncogene expression has been shown to correlate with clinical outcome in breast carcinoma, an experimental model has not been proposed to study this phenomenon in vivo. In addition, the ability to modulate this proto-oncogene in vivo to correlate with phenotypic behavior has not been determined. Utilizing an intraperitoneal model for(More)