Nathalie Boissot

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Host plant resistance is an efficient and environmentally friendly means of controlling insects, including aphids, but resistant-breaking biotypes have occurred in several plant-aphid systems. Our review of the genetic and molecular bases of aphid resistance in crop species emphasizes the limited number of aphid resistance genes and alleles. Inheritance of(More)
A number of molecular marker linkage maps have been developed for melon (Cucumis melo L.) over the last two decades. However, these maps were constructed using different marker sets, thus, making comparative analysis among maps difficult. In order to solve this problem, a consensus genetic map in melon was constructed using primarily highly transferable(More)
Host plants exert considerable selective pressure on aphids because the plants constitute their feeding, mating and oviposition sites. Therefore, host specialisation in aphids evolves through selection of the behavioural and chemical mechanisms of host-plant location and recognition, and through metabolic adaptation to the phloem content of the host plant.(More)
Plant regeneration from 2-month-old callus cultures derived from immature leaves of 7-day-old aseptic seedlings and mature embryos of the African wild rice Oryza longistaminata was achieved at 20% and 100% frequency, respectively. The morphogenic potential of the embryo-derived calluses dropped from 100% at the third subculture to 12.5 % at the 12th(More)
Aphis gossypii and Bemisia tabaci are severe hemipteran pests of melon crops and breeding for resistance to both insects is required to reduce pesticide use. Resistance was evaluated for its effect on behaviour and biotic potential of both hemipterans in a population of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from the cross Védrantais × PI 161375. Insect(More)
The resistance Vat gene of melon was isolated by map-based cloning. It encodes a protein with a coiled coil domain (CC), a nucleotide binding site (NBS) and leucine–rich repeats (LRR). Whereas most resistance genes confer resistance to a single pathogen, two alleles with different resistance specificities were identified at the locus. The Vat allele confers(More)
ABSTRACT Five tropical maize lines were tested and compared with the susceptible control line B73 for resistance to Maize stripe virus (MStV) and Maize mosaic virus (MMV), both propagatively transmitted by the planthopper Peregrinus maidis (Homoptera: Delphacidae). Resistance to each virus was evaluated separately by artificial inoculations with(More)
Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and Aphis gossypii Glover are devastating melon, Cucumis melo L., pests. The geographic areas where they occur overlap, and the same chemicals are used to control both of them. Therefore, to reduce pesticide use, it would be necessary to breed melon lines that simultaneously express a resistance to both insects. Female survival;(More)
The line Nantais Oblong, a melon of Charentais type, was shown to be a source of resistance by antibiosis to the leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess), Diptera, Agromyzidae. We studied the genetic control of this resistance in F2 and back-cross progenies from the cross between Nantais Oblong and Védrantais, a Charentais line susceptible to the leafminer.(More)
Aphids are serious pest on crops. By probing with their stylets, they interact with the plant, they vector viruses and when they reach the phloem they start a continuous ingestion. Many plant resistances to aphids have been identified, several have been deployed. However, some resistances breaking down have been observed. In the melon, a gene that confers(More)