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Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are stromal cells with the ability to proliferate and differentiate into many tissues. Although they represent powerful tools for several therapeutic settings, mechanisms regulating their migration to peripheral tissues are still unknown. Here, we report chemokine receptor expression on human BM-MSCs and(More)
Hyperplasia of adipose tissue is critical for the development of obesity, but molecular mechanisms governing normal or pathological recruitment of new adipocytes remain unclear. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway plays a pivotal role in many essential cellular functions, such as proliferation and differentiation. Using ERK1(-/-) mice,(More)
The differentiation of multipotent cells into undesirable lineages is a significant risk factor when performing cell therapy. In muscular diseases, myofiber loss can be associated with progressive fat accumulation that is one of the primary factors leading to decline of muscular strength. Therefore, to avoid any contribution of injected multipotent cells to(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells have the capacity to differentiate into various cell types in vitro. In this study, we show that retinoic acid is important for the commitment of ES cells into osteoblasts. Culturing retinoic acid treated ES cells in the presence of the osteogenic supplements ascorbic acid and beta-glycerophosphate resulted in the expression of(More)
The essential role of CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins (C/EBPs) beta and delta for adipocyte differentiation has been clearly established. In preadipocytes, their expression is up-regulated by the activation of leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (LIF-R) and prostacyclin receptor (IP-R) via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway and cAMP(More)
Extracellular factors and intracellular signaling pathways involved in early events of adipocyte differentiation are poorly defined. It is shown herein that expression of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and LIF receptor is developmentally regulated during adipocyte differentiation. Preadipocytes secrete bioactive LIF, and an antagonist of LIF receptor(More)
Prostacyclin (PGI(2)) and its stable analogue carbacyclin (cPGI(2)) are known to trigger the protein kinase A pathway after binding to the cell surface IP receptor and to promote or enhance terminal differentiation of adipose precursor cells to adipose cells. The early expression of C/EBPbeta and C/EBPdelta is known to be critical for adipocyte(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS New therapeutic strategies are needed for patients with refractory Crohn's disease (CD). We evaluated data from the Crohn's And Treg Cells Study (CATS1) to determine the safety and efficacy of antigen-specific T-regulatory (Treg) cells for treatment of patients with refractory CD. METHODS We performed a 12-week, open-label, multicenter,(More)
INTRODUCTION Regulatory T (Treg) cells play a crucial role in preventing autoimmune diseases and are an ideal target for the development of therapies designed to suppress inflammation in an antigen-specific manner. Type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells are defined by their capacity to produce high levels of interleukin 10 (IL-10), which contributes to their(More)
Several reports showed that hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) participate in muscle regeneration, raising hope for their therapeutic potential for degenerative muscle diseases. However, proof that HSCs are able to reprogram their fate and enter a myogenic pathway, remains elusive. We demonstrate that murine bone marrow (BM)-derived hematopoietic cells,(More)