Nathalie Aptel

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The H19/IGFf2 locus belongs to a large imprinted domain located on human chromosome 11p15.5 (homologue to mouse distal chromosome 7). The H19 gene is expressed from the maternal allele, while IGF2 is paternally expressed. Natural antisense transcripts and intergenic transcription have been involved in many aspects of eukaryotic gene expression, including(More)
The target site for the anthelmintic action of ivermectin is a family of nematode glutamate-gated chloride channel alpha subunits (GluClalpha) that bind the drug with high affinity and mediate its potent paralytic action. Whilst the action of ivermectin on the pharyngeal muscle of nematodes is relatively well understood, its effect on locomotor activity is(More)
It was recently shown that a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), that we named the 91H RNA (i.e. antisense H19 transcript), is overexpressed in human breast tumours and contributes in trans to the expression of the Insulin-like Growth Factor 2 (IGF2) gene on the paternal chromosome. Our preliminary experiments suggested that an H19 antisense transcript having a(More)
Genomic imprinting at the H19/Igf2 locus is governed by a cis-acting Imprinting-Control Region (ICR), located 2 kb upstream of the H19 gene. This region possesses an insulator function which is activated on the unmethylated maternal allele through the binding of the CTCF factor. It has been previously reported that paternal transmission of the H19(SilK)(More)
Parental genomic imprinting was discovered in mammals some 20 years ago. This phenomenon, crucial for normal development, rapidly became a key to understanding epigenetic regulation of mammalian gene expression. In this chapter we present a general overview of the field and describe in detail the 'imprinting cycle'. We provide selected examples that(More)
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