Nathalie A L R Peters

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Although nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) usually exerts anti-apoptotic activity, upon activation by interleukin-1 (IL-1) it enhances ultraviolet-B radiation (UVB)-induced apoptosis. This paradoxical effect is associated with NF-kappaB-dependent pronounced secretion of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) which activates TNF-R1 in an autocrine fashion to(More)
TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a typical member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) ligand family that is expressed as a type II membrane protein (memTRAIL) and signals apoptosis via the death domain-containing receptors TRAIL-R1 and -2. Soluble recombinant derivatives of TRAIL (sTRAIL) are considered as novel tumors therapeutics because of(More)
To understand how the TNF receptor-associated factor 1 (TRAF1) is transcriptionally regulated, in vitro DNA binding assays, promoter-reporter gene assays, and RNase protection assays were performed with the human TRAF1 gene. Binding of NF-kappaB to three of five putative binding sites within the human TRAF1 promoter was found in electrophoretic mobility(More)
Successful treatment of melanoma is still challenging, because metastasis remain chemoresistant and radioresistant. Accordingly, combinational treatments involving death ligands are mandatory. In a recent study from our lab, the majority out of 18 melanoma cell lines remained resistant against treatment with the death ligand TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor(More)
Using fluorescent variants of Fas and FasL, we show that membrane FasL and Fas form supramolecular clusters that are of flexible shape, but nevertheless stable and persistent. Membrane FasL-induced Fas clusters were formed in caspase-8- or FADD-deficient cells or when a cytoplasmic deletion mutant of Fas was used suggesting that cluster formation is(More)
Effective treatment of malignant melanoma with the tumor-selective death ligand tumor necrosis-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is curtailed by the fact that many melanoma cell lines are a priori resistant against TRAIL-induced apoptosis. By investigating 18 melanoma cell lines, we show that TRAIL susceptibility is completely independent of the(More)
The core-antigen-coding region of all hepadnaviruses is preceded by a short, in-phase open reading frame termed precore whose expression can give rise to core-antigen-related polypeptides. To explore the functional significance of precore expression in vivo, we introduced a frameshift mutation into this region of the duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) genome and(More)
TNF-receptor associated factors (TRAFs) comprise a family of adaptor proteins that act as downstream signal transducers of the TNF receptor superfamily and the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor family. The mammalian TRAFs 2, 5 and 6 are known to activate JNK- and NF-kappaB signaling pathways, whereas the function of the other three mammalian family members, TRAF(More)
Fas, a death domain-containing member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family and its ligand FasL have been predominantly studied with respect to their capability to induce cell death. However, a few studies indicate a proliferation-inducing signaling activity of these molecules too. We describe here a novel signaling pathway of FasL and the tumor(More)
One of the main functions of the tumor suppressor p53 is the induction of programmed cell death. Here we investigated in detail the molecular mechanisms that underlay p53 transactivation-dependent apoptosis in the human colon cancer cell line DLD-1. Although p53 upregulated the death receptors Fas, TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 in this cell line, p53-induced cell(More)