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The endocannabinoid anandamide is an arachidonic acid derivative that is found in most tissues where it acts as an important signaling mediator in neurological, immune, cardiovascular, and other functions. Cytochromes P450 (P450s) are known to oxidize arachidonic acid to the physiologically active molecules hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Chronic stress is associated with visceral hyperalgesia in functional gastrointestinal disorders. We investigated whether corticosterone plays a role in chronic psychological stress-induced visceral hyperalgesia. METHODS Male rats were subjected to 1-hour water avoidance (WA) stress or subcutaneous corticosterone injection daily for 10(More)
Members of the cytochrome P450 (P450) family of drug-metabolizing enzymes are present in the human brain, and they may have important roles in the oxidation of endogenous substrates. The polymorphic CYP2D6 is one of the major brain P450 isoforms and has been implicated in neurodegeneration, psychosis, schizophrenia, and personality traits. The objective of(More)
Arachidonoyl ethanolamide (anandamide) is an endogenous amide of arachidonic acid and an important signaling mediator of the endocannabinoid system. Given its numerous roles in maintaining normal physiological function and modulating pathophysiological responses throughout the body, the endocannabinoid system is an important pharmacological target amenable(More)
Oxidation of the endocannabinoid anandamide by cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes has the potential to affect signaling pathways within the endocannabinoid system and pharmacological responses to novel drug candidates targeting this system. We previously reported that the human cytochromes P450 2D6, 3A4, and 4F2 are high-affinity, high-turnover anandamide(More)
UNLABELLED Formation of hepatocyte Mallory-Denk bodies (MDBs), which are aggregates of keratins 8 and 18 (K8/K18), ubiquitin, and the ubiquitin-binding protein, p62, has a genetic predisposition component in humans and mice. We tested the hypothesis that metabolomic profiling of MDB-susceptible C57BL and MDB-resistant C3H mouse strains can illuminate(More)
Intermediate filaments (IFs) are cytoskeletal and nucleoskeletal structures that provide mechanical and stress-coping resilience to cells, contribute to subcellular and tissue-specific biological functions, and facilitate intracellular communication. IFs, including nuclear lamins and those in the cytoplasm (keratins, vimentin, desmin, neurofilaments and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mallory-Denk bodies (MDBs) are keratin (K)-rich cytoplasmic hepatocyte inclusions commonly associated with alcoholic steatohepatitis. Given the significant gender differences in predisposition to human alcohol-related liver injury, and the strain difference in mouse MDB formation, we hypothesized that sex affects MDB formation. METHODS(More)
2-Arachidonyl glycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous arachidonic acid derivative that binds cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 and is hence termed an endocannabinoid. 2-AG also modulates a variety of immunological responses, including expression of the autocrine/paracrine T cell growth factor interleukin (IL)-2. The objective of the present studies was to(More)
2-Arachidonyl glycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous arachidonic acid derivative that binds cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 and is hence termed an endocannabinoid. 2-AG also modulates a variety of immunological responses, including expression of the autocrine/paracrine T cell growth factor interleukin (IL)-2. The objective of the present studies was to(More)