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Arachidonoyl ethanolamide (anandamide) is an endogenous amide of arachidonic acid and an important signaling mediator of the endocannabinoid system. Given its numerous roles in maintaining normal physiological function and modulating pathophysiological responses throughout the body, the endocannabinoid system is an important pharmacological target amenable(More)
Members of the cytochrome P450 (P450) family of drug-metabolizing enzymes are present in the human brain, and they may have important roles in the oxidation of endogenous substrates. The polymorphic CYP2D6 is one of the major brain P450 isoforms and has been implicated in neurodegeneration, psychosis, schizophrenia, and personality traits. The objective of(More)
The endocannabinoid anandamide is an arachidonic acid derivative that is found in most tissues where it acts as an important signaling mediator in neurological, immune, cardiovascular, and other functions. Cytochromes P450 (P450s) are known to oxidize arachidonic acid to the physiologically active molecules hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) and(More)
Oxidation of the endocannabinoid anandamide by cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes has the potential to affect signaling pathways within the endocannabinoid system and pharmacological responses to novel drug candidates targeting this system. We previously reported that the human cytochromes P450 2D6, 3A4, and 4F2 are high-affinity, high-turnover anandamide(More)
Lysine acetylation is an important posttranslational modification that regulates microtubules and microfilaments, but its effects on intermediate filament proteins (IFs) are unknown. We investigated the regulation of keratin 8 (K8), a type II simple epithelial IF, by lysine acetylation. K8 was basally acetylated and the highly conserved Lys-207 was a major(More)
UNLABELLED Formation of hepatocyte Mallory-Denk bodies (MDBs), which are aggregates of keratins 8 and 18 (K8/K18), ubiquitin, and the ubiquitin-binding protein, p62, has a genetic predisposition component in humans and mice. We tested the hypothesis that metabolomic profiling of MDB-susceptible C57BL and MDB-resistant C3H mouse strains can illuminate(More)
Post-translational modifications are important functional determinants for intermediate filament (IF) proteins. Phosphorylation of IF proteins regulates filament organization, solubility, and cell-protective functions. Most known IF protein phosphorylation sites are serines localized in the variable "head" and "tail" domain regions. By contrast, little is(More)
Intermediate filaments (IFs) are cytoskeletal and nucleoskeletal structures that provide mechanical and stress-coping resilience to cells, contribute to subcellular and tissue-specific biological functions, and facilitate intracellular communication. IFs, including nuclear lamins and those in the cytoplasm (keratins, vimentin, desmin, neurofilaments and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mallory-Denk bodies (MDBs) are keratin (K)-rich cytoplasmic hepatocyte inclusions commonly associated with alcoholic steatohepatitis. Given the significant gender differences in predisposition to human alcohol-related liver injury, and the strain difference in mouse MDB formation, we hypothesized that sex affects MDB formation. METHODS(More)
2-Arachidonyl glycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous arachidonic acid derivative that binds cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 and is hence termed an endocannabinoid. 2-AG also modulates a variety of immunological responses, including expression of the autocrine/paracrine T cell growth factor interleukin (IL)-2. The objective of the present studies was to(More)