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We describe a bioMEMS system for confining and electrically interfacing to single cells for long-term studies. The system comprises microvials that can be covered and uncovered by lids actuated by polypyrrole/gold hinges. Within each vial are integrated bio-amplifiers and/or other sensing circuits to form a biolab-on-a-chip. We have developed a process… (More)
A hardware method for functional unit assignment is presented, based on the principle that a functional unitýs power consumption is approximated by the switching activity of its inputs. Since computing the Hamming distance of the inputs in hardware is expensive, only a portion of the inputs are examined. Integers often have many identical top bits, due… (More)
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