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BACKGROUND Neonatal deaths in developing countries make the largest contribution to global mortality in children younger than 5 years. 90% of deliveries in the poorest quintile of households happen at home. We postulated that a community-based participatory intervention could significantly reduce neonatal mortality rates. METHODS We pair-matched 42… (More)
This paper draws upon development economics theory, demographic projections, and empirical evidence to consider the likely consequences of the HIV/AIDS pandemic for the agricultural sector of the hardest-hit countries of Eastern and Southern Africa. We identify four processes that have been underemphasized in previous analysis: 1) the momentum of long-term… (More)
Background: Neonatal mortality rates are high in rural Nepal where more than 90% of deliveries are in the home. Evidence suggests that death rates can be reduced by interventions at community level. We describe an intervention which aimed to harness the power of community planning and decision making to improve maternal and newborn care in rural Nepal.
OBJECTIVE To determine home based newborn care practices in rural Nepal in order to inform strategies to improve neonatal outcome. DESIGN Cross sectional, retrospective study using structured interviews. SETTING Makwanpur district, Nepal. PARTICIPANTS 5411 married women aged 15 to 49 years who had given birth to a live baby in the past year. MAIN… (More)
Perinatal illnesshealth care seeking practicesNepalSafe MotherhoodTraditional HealerTraditional Birth Attendant. Abstract Background: Maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality rates remain high in rural areas of developing countries. Most deliveries take place at home and care-seeking behaviour is often delayed. We report on a combined quantitative and… (More)
The persistence of high perinatal and neonatal mortality rates in many developing countries make efforts to improve perinatal care in the home and at local health facilities important public health concerns. We describe a study which aims to evaluate a community-level participatory intervention in rural Nepal. The effectiveness of community-based action… (More)
BACKGROUND A decline in the national maternal mortality ratio in Nepal has been observed from surveys conducted between 1996 and 2008. This paper aims to assess the plausibility of the decline and to identify drivers of change. METHODS National and sub-national trends in mortality data were investigated using existing demographic and health surveys and… (More)