Natasa Bulat

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Intracellular signals elicited by LDLs are likely to play a role in the pathogenesis associated with increased LDL blood levels. We have previously determined that LDL stimulation of human skin fibroblasts, used as a model system for adventitial fibroblasts, activates p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), followed by IL-8 production and increased(More)
Ability to induce protein expression at will in a cell is a powerful strategy used by scientists to better understand the function of a protein of interest. Various inducible systems have been designed in eukaryotic cells to achieve this goal. Most of them rely on two distinct vectors, one encoding a protein that can regulate transcription by binding a(More)
The caspase-3-generated RasGAP N-terminal fragment (fragment N) inhibits apoptosis in a Ras-PI3K-Akt-dependent manner. Fragment N protects various cell types, including insulin-secreting cells, against different types of stresses. Whether fragment N exerts a protective role during the development of type 1 diabetes is however not known. Non-obese diabetic(More)
Apoptosis is induced by the cleavage of a subset of cellular proteins by proteases of the caspase family. Numerous (hundreds) caspase substrates have been described but only for a few of them is the function of their cleavage by caspases well understood. In this review, apoptosis and caspases will first be introduced. The main focus will then be directed to(More)
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect pancreatic beta-cells against apoptosis. This property might relate to the increased risk to develop diabetes in patients with low HDL blood levels. However, the mechanisms by which HDLs protect beta-cells are poorly characterized. Here we used a transcriptomic approach to identify genes differentially modulated by(More)
Cell Culture. Isolated islets were maintained in RPMI 1640 medium (catalog number 61870; Invitrogen) containing 10% decomplemented fetal calf serum (catalogue number 10270; Invitrogen), 10 mM HEPES (catalog number H-3537; Sigma), 2 mML-glutamine (catalog number G-7513; Sigma), 1 mM sodium pyruvate (catalog number S-8636; Sigma) and penicillin (100(More)
OBJECTIVE Our laboratory has previously established in vitro that a caspase-generated RasGAP NH(2)-terminal moiety, called fragment N, potently protects cells, including insulinomas, from apoptotic stress. We aimed to determine whether fragment N can increase the resistance of pancreatic beta-cells in a physiological setting. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A(More)
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