Natarajan Balasubramanian

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The bile salt excretory pump (BSEP, ABCb11) is critical for ATP-dependent transport of bile acids across the hepatocyte canalicular membrane and for generation of bile acid-dependent bile secretion. Recent studies have demonstrated that the expression of this transporter is sensitive to the flux of bile acids through the hepatocyte, possibly at the level of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanisms by which mutations in the familial intrahepatic cholestasis-1 gene cause Byler's disease (progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 1) are unknown. METHODS Interactions among the apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter, the farnesoid X receptor (FXR), and familial intrahepatic cholestasis-1 were studied in(More)
Removal of arsenic from aqueous solution was carried out using electrocoagulation. Experiments were conducted using mild steel sacrificial anode covering wide range in operating conditions to assess the removal efficiency. The maximum arsenic removal efficiency was recorded as 94% under optimum condition. The electrocoagulation mechanism of arsenic removal(More)
The objective of this study is to investigate the removal efficiency of Cr(VI) by Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacter cloacae from aqueous solution under different process conditions. Batch mode experiments were carried out as a function of solution pH, biosorbent dosage, Cr(VI) concentration and contact time. The FT-IR spectra and(More)
Electrochemical treatment of organic pollutants is a promising treatment technique for substances which are recalcitrant to biodegradation. Experiments were carried out to treat acid violet 12 dye house effluent using electrochemical technique for removal color and COD reduction covering wide range in operating conditions. Ruthenium/lead/tin oxide coated(More)
Bile formation depends on the active secretion of bile salts and other biliary constituents by specific transporters. Recently two major transporters that contribute to bile formation, the bile salt export pump (Bsep) and multidrug resistance protein-2 (Mrp2), have been cloned. The goal of the present study was to define the expression of Bsep and Mrp2(More)
It is attempted in the present investigation to treat organic pollutant present in the textile effluent using an electrochemical treatment technique. Experiments are carried out in a batch electrochemical cell covering wide range in operating conditions. Due to the strong oxidizing potential of the chemicals produced, the effluent COD is reduced(More)
This paper characterizes inter-industry heterogeneity in rates of learning-by-doing, and examines how industry learning rates are connected with firm performance. Using plant-level data from the US manufacturing sector, we measure the industry learning rate as the coefficient on cumulative output in a production function. We find that learning rates vary(More)
CONTEXT Economic difficulties at the individual level can lead to a number of behavioral problems, including substance abuse and delinquent behaviors. OBJECTIVE To examine the influence of a nationwide adverse economic environment during infancy, specifically, the high unemployment rates during and after the 1980 and 1981-1982 recessions, on rates of(More)
A single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-binding protein (SSB) that binds to specific upstream sequences of alcohol oxidase (AOX1) promoter of the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris has been isolated and identified as zeta crystallin (ZTA1). The cDNA encoding P.pastoris ZTA1 (PpZTA1) was cloned into an Escherichia coli expression vector, the recombinant PpZTA1 was(More)