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Changes in the expression of glial glutamate transporters (GLAST and GLT-1) were examined in the spinal cord of rats with chemotherapy (taxol)-induced mechanical hyperalgesia. Immunohistochemical studies show that the expression of both GLAST and GLT-1 in the L4-L5 spinal dorsal horn is decreased by 24% (P<0.001) and 23% (P<0.001), respectively, in rats(More)
Curcumin has been shown to exhibit growth inhibitory effects and induce apoptosis in a broad range of tumors. Accordingly, we investigated the radiosensitizing effects of curcumin in human neuroblastoma cells. SK-N-MC cells exposed to either 2 Gy alone, or pretreated with curcumin (100 nM) or NFkappaB inhibitor peptide SN50 (50 nM) and exposed to 2 Gy were(More)
EKB-569 (Pelitinib), an irreversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor has shown potential therapeutic efficiency in solid tumors. However, cell-killing potential in combination with radiotherapy and its underlying molecular orchestration remain to be explored. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of EKB-569 on ionizing radiation(More)
PURPOSE Radiation resistance induced in cancer cells that survive after radiation therapy (RT) could be associated with increased radiation protection, limiting the therapeutic benefit of radiation. Herein we investigated the sequential mechanistic molecular orchestration involved in radiation-induced radiation protection in tumor cells. RESULTS(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that furosemide improves renal hemodynamics and attenuates ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-associated changes in angiogenesis-related gene expression. However, the effect of furosemide on I/R-induced apoptosis is not known. We utilized a rat model of acute ischemic nephropathy to test the hypothesis that furosemide attenuates(More)
Induced radioresistance in the surviving cancer cells after radiotherapy could be associated with clonal selection leading to tumor regrowth at the treatment site. Previously we reported that post-translational modification of IκBα activates NFκB in response to ionizing radiation (IR) and plays a key role in regulating apoptotic signaling. Herein, we(More)
Loop diuretics are known to affect renal hemodynamics and possibly gene transcription, but the specific effect of furosemide on renal angiogenesis gene expression after acute ischemia is not known. We utilized an acute renal failure model in rats to test the hypothesis that furosemide improves renal hemodynamics and alters the transcriptional signature of(More)
AIM The effect of ischaemia/reperfusion or hypoxia/reoxygenation on gene expression has not been extensively studied. We hypothesized that in skeletal muscle, tissue hypoxia of similar magnitude but induced by different mechanisms would lead to different transcriptional responses. METHODS Muscle gene transcription was assessed using microarray analysis(More)
Radiotherapy has been used as an adjunctive local-control modality for high-risk neuroblastoma. However, relapse due to radioresistance affects the success of radiotherapy. Ascertaining the fractionated radiation (FIR) modulated molecular targets is imperative in targeted molecular therapy. Accordingly, we investigated the (i) expression of genes(More)
Ascertaining the time-dependent regulation of induced apoptosis and radioresistance is important to understand the relationship between the level of spontaneous apoptosis in cells and their radiosensitivity. Accordingly, we investigated the time-dependent expression of apoptosis related genes and radioresistance in neuroblastoma cells. Serum-starved human(More)