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Changes in the expression of glial glutamate transporters (GLAST and GLT-1) were examined in the spinal cord of rats with chemotherapy (taxol)-induced mechanical hyperalgesia. Immunohistochemical studies show that the expression of both GLAST and GLT-1 in the L4-L5 spinal dorsal horn is decreased by 24% (P<0.001) and 23% (P<0.001), respectively, in rats(More)
AIM The effect of ischaemia/reperfusion or hypoxia/reoxygenation on gene expression has not been extensively studied. We hypothesized that in skeletal muscle, tissue hypoxia of similar magnitude but induced by different mechanisms would lead to different transcriptional responses. METHODS Muscle gene transcription was assessed using microarray analysis(More)
AIM Curcumin has been demonstrated to have antitumor effects including radiosensitization by modulating many molecular targets including p53. Herein, we investigated the radiosensitizing effect of curcumin in p53 mutant Ewing's sarcoma (ES) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cells exposed to radiation with or without curcumin were examined for transcriptional(More)
Curcumin has been shown to exhibit growth inhibitory effects and induce apoptosis in a broad range of tumors. Accordingly, we investigated the radiosensitizing effects of curcumin in human neuroblastoma cells. SK-N-MC cells exposed to either 2 Gy alone, or pretreated with curcumin (100 nM) or NFkappaB inhibitor peptide SN50 (50 nM) and exposed to 2 Gy were(More)
OBJECTIVE Vasoactive compounds are known to modulate gene transcription, including nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB), in renal tissues, but the molecular effects of fenoldopam in this setting are not known. The authors used a rat model of surgical acute ischemic nephropathy to test the hypothesis that fenoldopam attenuates ischemia/reperfusion(More)
Recently we demonstrated the effect of fenoldopam on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced NFkappaB mediated pro-inflammatory signal transduction. However, the effect of fenoldopam on I/R-induced apoptosis is not known. We utilized a rat model of acute ischemic nephropathy to test the hypothesis that fenoldopam attenuates I/R-induced apoptosis. Sprague-Dawley(More)
Loop diuretics are known to affect renal hemodynamics and possibly gene transcription, but the specific effect of furosemide on renal angiogenesis gene expression after acute ischemia is not known. We utilized an acute renal failure model in rats to test the hypothesis that furosemide improves renal hemodynamics and alters the transcriptional signature of(More)
EKB-569 (Pelitinib), an irreversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor has shown potential therapeutic efficiency in solid tumors. However, cell-killing potential in combination with radiotherapy and its underlying molecular orchestration remain to be explored. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of EKB-569 on ionizing radiation(More)
BACKGROUND Renal cell apoptosis contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of acute renal failure. Anesthetic agents have been shown to modulate apoptotic signal transduction in various tissues. We examined the effects of 6 h of different general anesthetic techniques on renal cell apoptosis in rat kidneys. METHODS Twenty-one male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Vasoactive compounds are known to affect intrarenal hemodynamics and gene transcription, but specific effects of fenoldopam in the setting of acute renal ischemia are not known. We utilized a rat model of acute ischemic nephropathy to test the hypothesis that fenoldopam improves corticomedullary tissue oxygen tension (PtO2) and attenuates(More)