Natarajan Aravindan

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Changes in the expression of glial glutamate transporters (GLAST and GLT-1) were examined in the spinal cord of rats with chemotherapy (taxol)-induced mechanical hyperalgesia. Immunohistochemical studies show that the expression of both GLAST and GLT-1 in the L4-L5 spinal dorsal horn is decreased by 24% (P<0.001) and 23% (P<0.001), respectively, in rats(More)
OBJECTIVES Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) plays an intrinsic role in promoting growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis in pancreatic cancer (PC) and serves as a mechanism underlying therapeutic resistance. Accordingly, we investigated the efficacy of bioactive phytochemicals in inhibiting radiotherapy (RT)-induced NF-κB activity, signaling, and NF-κB-dependent(More)
Curcumin has been shown to exhibit growth inhibitory effects and induce apoptosis in a broad range of tumors. Accordingly, we investigated the radiosensitizing effects of curcumin in human neuroblastoma cells. SK-N-MC cells exposed to either 2 Gy alone, or pretreated with curcumin (100 nM) or NFkappaB inhibitor peptide SN50 (50 nM) and exposed to 2 Gy were(More)
EKB-569 (Pelitinib), an irreversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor has shown potential therapeutic efficiency in solid tumors. However, cell-killing potential in combination with radiotherapy and its underlying molecular orchestration remain to be explored. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of EKB-569 on ionizing radiation(More)
AIM The effect of ischaemia/reperfusion or hypoxia/reoxygenation on gene expression has not been extensively studied. We hypothesized that in skeletal muscle, tissue hypoxia of similar magnitude but induced by different mechanisms would lead to different transcriptional responses. METHODS Muscle gene transcription was assessed using microarray analysis(More)
PURPOSE Radiation resistance induced in cancer cells that survive after radiation therapy (RT) could be associated with increased radiation protection, limiting the therapeutic benefit of radiation. Herein we investigated the sequential mechanistic molecular orchestration involved in radiation-induced radiation protection in tumor cells. RESULTS(More)
Ascertaining the ionizing radiation (IR)-induced bystander response and its preceding molecular regulation would increase our understanding of the mechanism of acute and delayed radiobiological effects. Recent evidence clearly prompted that radiation-induced nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) would play a key role in bystander responses in nontargeted cells.(More)
Pancreatic cancer (PC) remains the fourth leading cause of cancer death with an unacceptable survival that has remained relatively unchanged over the past 25 years. The presence of occult or clinical metastases at the time of diagnosis together with the lack of effective chemotherapies pose a dire need for designing new and targeted therapeutic deliverables(More)
PURPOSE We recently reported that curcumin attenuates ionizing radiation (IR)-induced survival signaling and proliferation in human neuroblastoma cells. Also, in the endothelial system, we have demonstrated that NFκB regulates IR-induced telomerase activity (TA). Accordingly, we investigated the effect of curcumin in inhibiting IR-induced NFκB-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Heterogeneously distributed hypoxic areas are a characteristic property of locally advanced breast cancers (BCa) and generally associated with therapeutic resistance, metastases, and poor patient survival. About 50% of locally advanced BCa, where radiotherapy is less effective are suggested to be due to hypoxic regions. In this study, we(More)