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Hop-by-hop interest shaping has been proposed as a viable congestion control mechanism in Named Data Networking (NDN). Interest shaping exploits the strict receiver-driven traffic pattern and the symmetric bidirectional forwarding in NDN to control the returning data rate. In this paper, we point out that both interests and contents contribute to congestion(More)
—We introduce a rate-based congestion control mechanism for Content-Centric Networking (CCN). It builds on the fact that one Interest retrieves at most one Data packet. Congestion can occur when aggregate conversations arrive in excess and fill up the transmission queue of a CCN router. We compute the available capacity of each CCN router in a distributed(More)
The data concerning the plant sex regulation by phytohormones are presented. Functioning of signaling pathways regulating floral development and sex expression, including those with phytohormone involvement, are considered. The role of phytohormones in the functioning of systems and mechanisms of sex regulation is analyzed. The examples of sex reversion by(More)
The effects of ubiquinone 50 (synthetic coenzyme Q10) and viral infection on phytohemagglutinin activity were studied in the tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) cultivar Samsun NN, which carries the necrosis-formation locus and exhibits hypersensitivity to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and ubiquinone (Q10). The treatment with Q10 and inoculation with VTM were(More)
One of the most appealing features of Information-Centric Networking (ICN) is its agile connectionless transport model based on consumer requests and hop-by-hop forwarding. By relaxing end-to-end constraints, ICN empowers a distributed in-network control with the potential to improve congestion management over heterogeneous wired/wireless media and in(More)
Heritable phenotypic alterations occurring during plant ontogenesis under the influence of environmental factors are among the most intriguing genetic phenomena. It was found that male-sterile sorghum hybrids in the 9E cytoplasm from the F1 and F2 generations, which were obtained by crossing CMS lines with different fertile lines grown in field conditions,(More)
Based on RAPD-PCR analysis with 15 primers including those homologous to particular loci, the level of genetic polymorphism in the collection of spring common wheat genotypes and their androclinal double haploid (ADH) lines was determined. Intraspecific polymorphism of the original wheat forms was 20%. By the absence of polymorphism in the molecular(More)
Heritable phenotypic alterations occurring during plant ontogenesis under the influence of environmental factors are among the most intriguing genetic phenomena. It was found that male-sterile sorghum hybrids in the 9E cytoplasm from the F1 and F2 generations, which were obtained by crossing CMS lines with different fertile lines grown in field conditions,(More)