Natalya Pertaya

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Many organisms are protected from freezing by the presence of extracellular antifreeze proteins (AFPs), which bind to ice, modify its morphology, and prevent its further growth. These proteins have a wide range of applications including cryopreservation, frost protection, and as models in biomineralization research. However, understanding their mechanism of(More)
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) protect certain organisms from freezing by adhering to ice crystals, thereby preventing their growth. All AFPs depress the nonequilibrium freezing temperature below the melting point; however AFPs from overwintering insects, such as the spruce budworm (sbw) are 10-100 times more effective than most fish AFPs. It has been proposed(More)
Here we describe studies of the crystallization behavior of ice in an aqueous solution of spruce budworm antifreeze protein (sbwAFP) at atmospheric pressure. SbwAFP is an ice binding protein with high thermal hysteresis activity, which helps protect Choristoneura fumiferana (spruce budworm) larvae from freezing as they overwinter in the spruce and fir(More)
Deviating from the common growth mode of molecular films of organic molecules where the adsorbates remain intact, we observe an essentially different growth behavior for metallocenes with a low temperature scanning tunneling microscope. Ferrocene molecules adsorb dissociatively and form a two layer structure. The top layer unit cell is composed of two(More)
We present a detailed investigation of the manipulation of Ag and Au atoms with a STM tip on the Ag(111) surface at 5K. The interpretation of the feed-back loop signal gives a precise picture of the movement of the atom during manipulation. The threshold tunnelling resistance and tip-height to move a Au/Ag atom have been determined using automated(More)
Antifreeze proteins and antifreeze glycoproteins are a necessary tool for the survival of fish, plants, insects, and bacteria that live in sub-freezing environments. At least five distinct classes have been found that lower the freezing temperature of water, inhibit ice recrystallization, and radically modify the growth morphology of ice. Despite the wide(More)
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