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The most feared complication following intestinal resection is anastomotic leakage. In high risk areas (esophagus/rectum) where neoadjuvant chemoradiation is used, the incidence of anastomotic leaks remains unacceptably high (≈ 10%) even when performed by specialist surgeons in high volume centers. The aims of this study were to test the hypothesis that(More)
The effects of N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine-specific lectin (M(r) 27 kDa) isolated from the ascidian Didemnum ternatanum on cultivated cells of molluscs and echinoderms were studied. This lectin was found to stimulate the growth or the differentiation of cultivated marine invertebrate cells depending on the stage of embryonic development at which primary cell(More)
Polysaccharides from the roots of Panax ginseng were extracted by hot water and fractionated by using ethanol precipitation and ion exchange chromatography. Fractions FC (crude extract), F1 (fraction precipitated by ethanol), F1N (fraction unbound to DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B), and F1A (bound fraction) were obtained. Their carbohydrate analyses showed that(More)
Cell adhesion molecules, some of which are lectins, play a key role in the control of normal and pathological processes of various living organisms. We found herein that N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-specific lectin, isolated from the ascidian Didemnum ternatanum (DTL), alters the growth properties of HeLa tumor cells depending on the anchorage. DTL was shown to(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission through saliva is extremely low. Several oral components, including secretory immunoglobulin A and secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor, are known as potential inhibitory agents of HIV oral transmission. Here we examined anti-HIV activity of oral bacterial components. We showed that recombinant protein HGP44(More)
A lectin, Crenomytilus grayanus (CGL), was purified from sea mussel C. grayanus by affinity chromatography on acid-treated Sepharose 6B and following gel filtration on Sephacryl S-200. Molecular weight of the lectin obtained was determined by SDS-PAGE to be 18,000, independent of the presence or absence of beta-mercaptoethanol. CGL was found to agglutinate(More)
alpha 1-Acid glycoprotein (AGP) samples, viz., normal AGP (nAGP) and embryonic AGP (eAGP), were isolated from plasma of normal donor blood and abortive human blood, respectively. The materials possess similar amino acid composition and immunochemical properties. However, structural patterns of their sugar moieties differ substantially. nAGP contains only(More)
Effects of temperature and pH on the spatial structures of trophoblast-specific beta 1-glycoprotein (TSG) and its various derivatives and fragments have been studied by circular dichroic spectroscopy. The spatial organization of the protein portion of TSG derivatives, as revealed by the spectroscopic evidence, has been discussed with respect to the(More)
DTL was isolated from the Didemnum ternatum colonial ascidian and purified by affinity chromatography on cross-linked ovalbumin followed by gel-filtration on Sephadex G-100. SDS-PAGE of the preparation showed a major intense band with a relative mol. wt. of ca. 27 kDa. In the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol, DTL gave rise to a single band of 10 kDa. The(More)