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Individual plants from the BC1F5 and BC1F6 backcross progenies of barley--wheat (= H. geniculatum All.) (2n = 28) x T. aestivum L. (2n = 42)] and the BC1F6 progeny of their amphiploids were used to obtain alloplasmic euploid (2n = 42) lines L-28, L-29, and L-49 and alloplasmic telocentric addition (2n = 42 + 2t) lines L-37, L-38, and L-50. The lines were(More)
Alloplasmic lines of common wheat with disomic substitution of chromosome 7D for telocentric chromosome 7H(1)Lmar of barley H. marinum subsp. gussoneanum Hudson were isolated from the plants of generation BC3, produced as a result of backcrossing of barley-wheat hybrids H. marinum subsp. gussoneanum (2n = 28) x x T. aestivum (2n = 42), Pyrotrix, cultivar,(More)
Alloplasmic lines combining alien nuclear and cytoplasmic genomes are convenient models for studying the mechanisms of nuclear-cytoplasmic compatibility/incompatibility. In the present study, we have investigated the correlation between the characters and state of mitochondrial (mt) and chloroplast (cp) DNA regions in alloplasmic recombinant common wheat(More)
The states of 18S/5S mitochondrial (mt) repeat and some chloroplast (cp) DNA regions have been investigated in alloplasmic lines of common wheat carrying cytoplasm of the barley species Hordeum marinum subsp. gussoneanum Hudson and H. vulgare L. and in the progenies of the reciprocal hybrids between Triticum aestivum L. and Secale cereale L. The(More)
The chromosome composition of the blue-grain line i:S29Ba of the cultivar Saratovskaya 29 was identified by cytological, GISH, and microsatellite analyses and C-banding. It was found that common wheat chromosome 4B of the cultivar Saratovskaya 29 was substituted with the Agropyron elongatum Host. chromosome carrying the gene for blue grain (s:S294Ag(4B))(More)
The problems of fertility restoration in the progeny of barley-wheat hybrids (H. vulgare × T. aestivum) are explained by incompatibility between the cytoplasm of cultivated barley and the nuclear genome of common wheat. Appropriate models for studying these problems are alloplasmic lines that combine the cytoplasm of barley and the nuclear genome of wheat.(More)
Two alloplasmic wheat-barley substitution lines were studied: a line replaced at three pairs of chromosomes 1Hmr((IB), 5Hmar(5D), and 7Hmar(7D), and the disomic-substituted line 7Hma(7D). The lines were constructed on the basis of individual plants from BCIF8- and BC2F6 progeny of barley-wheat hybrids (H. marinum subsp. gussoneanum Hudson (=H. geniculatum(More)
We studied some features of the development of self-fertile 42-chromosome lines on the base of self-pollination progeny of 46-chromosome plants obtained by backcrossing of barley--wheat hybrids Hordeum marinum subsp. gussoneanum Hudson (= H. geniculatum All.) (2n = 28) x Triticum aestivum L. (2n = 42). The stabilization of karyotypes, resulting in(More)
Androgenic ability was studied in anther cultures of euplasmic lines of common wheat and alloplasmic recombinant lines (H. vulgare)–T. aestivum with 1RS.1BL and 7DL-7Ai translocations. The ability to produce androgenic structures and plantlet regeneration are suppressed in lines carrying both translocations. Alloplasmic recombinant lines (H. vulgare)–T.(More)
Genomes of three alloplasmic wheat lines obtained on the basis of barley--wheat hybrid Horderum geniculatum All. (2n = 28) x Triticum aestivum L. (2n = 42)(Pyrotrix 28) were examined using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. Line L-29 was obtained after first backcross of the initial hybrid with the wheat variety Pyrotrix 28 and ten subsequent(More)