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Many animal species use reaching for food to place in the mouth (reach-to-eat) with a hand, and it may be a primitive movement. Although researchers (I. Q. Whishaw, 2005; A. N. Iwaniuk & I. Q. Whishaw, 2000; M. Gentiluci, I. Toni, S. Chieffi, & G. Pavesi, 1994) have described visual guidance of reaching in both normal and brain-injured human and nonhuman(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of concurrent music on parkinsonian gait in single- and dual-task contexts. DESIGN A counterbalanced repeated-measure design. SETTING A university balance research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS People with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) (n=10) (67+/-7 y) and healthy age-matched (65+/-6 y) control subjects (n=10). (More)
This study explored the viability and efficacy of integrating cadence-matched, salient music into a walking intervention for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Twenty-two people with PD were randomised to a control (CTRL, n = 11) or experimental (MUSIC, n = 11) group. MUSIC subjects walked with an individualised music playlist three times a week for(More)
Fear of falling is known to affect more than half of community-dwelling older adults over 60 years of age. This fear is associated with physical and psychological effects that increase the risk of falling. The authors' theory is that attentional processing biases may exist in this population that serve to perpetuate fear of falling and subsequently increase(More)
The standing reach movement requires coordinated activation of postural and focal motor responses. For PD patients, both components of this reaching task exhibit evidence of motor deficit. In the present experiment, we examined these motor responses during a standing reaching task in a challenging environmental context. PD patients (n=10) and control(More)
Multitasking situations exacerbate gait impairments and increase the risk of falling among people with Parkinson disease (PD). This study compared obstacle negotiation among 10 subjects with PD and 10 nonparkinsonian control (CTRL) subjects in two test conditions differentiated by the presence of music played through a personal music player. Subjects walked(More)
People with Parkinson's disease (PD) can exhibit disabling gait symptoms such as freezing of gait especially when distracted by a secondary task. Quantitative measurement method of this type of cognitive-motor abnormality, however, remains poorly developed. Here we examined whether stepping-in-place (SIP) with a concurrent mental task (e.g., subtraction)(More)
Hemispatial neglect is a common outcome of stroke that is characterized by the inability to orient toward, and attend to stimuli in contralesional space. It is established that hemispatial neglect has a perceptual component, however, the presence and severity of motor impairments is controversial. Establishing the nature of space use and spatial biases(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of a rhythmic beat in the form of a metronome tone or beat-accentuated original music can modulate gait performance; however, it has yet to be determined whether gait modulation can be achieved using commercially available music. OBJECTIVE The current study investigated the effects of commercially available music on the walking of(More)
This study examined the efficacy of a novel reaching-and-grasping task in determining visuospatial abilities across adulthood. The task required male and female young (18-25 years) and older adults (60-82 years) to replicate a series of complex models by locating and retrieving the appropriate building blocks from an array. The task allows visuospatial(More)