Natalie Scheller

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The purposes of the present study were: (i) to investigate the potential use of several biomarkers as quantitative indicators of the in vivo conversion of ethylene (ET) to ethylene oxide (EO); (ii) to produce molecular dosimetry data that might improve assessment of human risk from exogenous ET exposures. Groups (n = 7/group) of male F344 rats and B6C3F1(More)
1,3-Butadiene (BD) is an important chemical used largely in the manufacture of synthetic rubber and thermoplastic resins. In addition, it has been identified in cigarette smoke, automobile exhaust, and gasoline vapor. The objective of this research was to develop highly sensitive and specific assays for the detection and quantitation of hemoglobin adducts(More)
The analytical potential of gas chromatography/electron capture negative chemical ionization high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) for characterization and quantitation of DNA and hemoglobin adducts was demonstrated using three model compounds: N2, 3-ethenoguanine (EG), 7-(2-hydroxyethyl)guanine (7-HEG), and N-(2-hydroxyethyl)valine (HEV). At a resolving(More)
The need for specificity and sensitivity in the analysis of DNA adducts has led the development of GC/MS methods. Such methods require chemical derivatization (i.e. silylation, electrophore labelling), which can also bring its own sets of problems, including the production of artifacts, interferences and sample to sample variability in derivatization. To(More)
A gas chromatography/electron capture/negative chemical ionization high-resolution mass spectrometry (GC/EC/NCI-HRMS) method was developed for quantitating N7-(2-hydroxyethyl)guanine (N7-HEG) with excellent sensitivity and specificity. [4,5,6,8-(13)C(4)]-N7-HEG was synthesized, characterized, and quantitated using HPLC/electrospray ionization mass(More)
Vinyl chloride is a known human and animal carcinogen that induces angiosarcomas of the liver. We review here studies on the formation and repair of DNA adducts associated with vinyl chloride and vinyl fluoride in exposed and control rodents and unexposed humans. These vinyl halides induce etheno (epsilon) adducts that are identical to those formed after(More)
Biotransformation of chemical carcinogens involves both metabolic activation and detoxication. The molecular dose present on DNA as adducts represents a balance between these two pathways (formation) and DNA repair. All of these are enzymatic processes subject to saturation. When none of the pathways is saturated, linear molecular dosimetry is expected,(More)
Using readily available labeled compounds, [4,5,6,8-(13)C4]guanine was synthesized in high overall yield. Intermediates as well as the final product were characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and high resolution mass spectrometry. The labeled guanine was used to generate [13C4]-labeled analogs of the guanine adducts, N2,3-ethenoguanine and(More)
Background: Recent studies indicate a strong functional relevance of the canonical inflammatory interleukin 6 signaling pathway in coronary artery disease (CAD). A genetic association of this signaling pathway with CAD has not been shown yet. We aimed to assess novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from genes of the Interleukin 6 signaling pathway.(More)
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