Natalie Malachowski

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Of 40 survivors of necrotizing enterocolitis 19 were completely normal children at the time of follow-up, one to three years later. Among the other 21 children, only six had moderate to severe neurologic impairment, representing 15% of all survivors. Despite the fact that intestinal injury is the main feature of the neonatal disease, only four children were(More)
To assess the risk of long-term sequelae after acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in premature and sick term infants, 55 CMV infected patients were matched prospectively with 55 control patients and these matched pairs were evaluated at 3 years of age. Sensorineural hearing losses were present in four of 43 CMV infected patients (all mild-moderate)(More)
Sodium nitroprusside was administered to 58 neonates, including 11 with severe respiratory distress syndrome, 15 with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, 28 with clinical shock, three with systemic hypertension, and two with pulmonary hypoplasia, all refractory to conventional intensive therapy. Nitroprusside was infused at 0.2 to 6.0(More)
Over an 18-month period, four severe and eight mild cases of retrolental fibroplasia (RLF) were diagnosed. All infants had gestational age less than 34 weeks. While the percentage of infants with RLF increased with decreasing gestational age, the severity of RLF was not related to birth weight or gestational age. These RLF infants were compared with(More)
From 1961 to 1976, 229 infants with birth weights ranging from 751 to 1,000 gm were admitted to the Stanford University Hospital Intensive Care Nursery. The overall neonatal mortality for these infants was 63% (144/229), and there were ten late deaths. Before 1967, no infant in this group who required mechanical ventilation survived; thereafter, 30%(More)
A new transfusion protocol for sick neonates was established in February, 1974, in which units of packed red blood cells obtained biweekly from type O- donors are split into 4 packs. Up to 4 Infants requiring transfusions are crossmatched against a single unit. One split pack is brought to the nursery each day and refrigerated for 24 hours. During the 24(More)
Two simple overall measures of health--length of stay in the Intensive Care Nursery (ICN) and gestational age--predict hearing loss in ICN graduates. Craniofacial anomalies, congenital perinatal infections, and meconium aspiration are strong predictors of hearing loss, especially in term infants. Findings are based on univariate and multivariate analyses of(More)
Thirty-nine critically ill infants with pulmonary disease received tolazoline because of severe hypoxemia refractory to administration of 100% O2 and mechanical ventilation. Twenty-seven (69%) of the infants responded with an increase in PaO2 greater than or equal to 20 torr in the first umbilical arterial gas after completion of the initial ten-minute(More)
A prospective study was carried out to identify the immediate and long-range advantages and disadvantages of a walking-donor transfusion program for an intensive care newborn nursery. The effect of heparin on coagulation of blood was evaluated and found to be minimal. There was no evidence of transmission of HBSAg. The prevalence of CMV infection at the(More)