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Many sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) in the intermediolateral cell column (IML) contain cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART), but the function of these CART-immunoreactive (IR) neurons is unknown. To test the possibility that CART might mark SPN involved in cardiovascular regulation, we first established whether all CART neurons in(More)
Fast excitatory neurotransmission to sympathetic and parasympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN and PPN) is glutamatergic. To characterize this innervation in spinal autonomic regions, we localized immunoreactivity for vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs) 1 and 2 in intact cords and after upper thoracic complete transections. Preganglionic neurons were(More)
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