Natalie Loder Clark

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The patterns of midface fractures were related to postoperative computed tomography scans and clinical results to assess the value of ordering fracture assembly in success of treatment methods. A total of 550 midface fractures were studied for their midface components and the presence of fractures in the adjacent frontal bone or mandible. Preoperative and(More)
Le Fort defined the classic weak points of facial fractures. Fractures of the midface and mandible are believed to require management with standard rigid fixation. Recent work has allowed mini- and microplating of multiple fracture fragments into more manageable larger segments for reduction and subsequent plating with rigid fixation to peripheral(More)
The use of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) to afford vascular access for free tissue transfer is described in 11 consecutive patients from a 1 year period. The leg was the site of pathology in six cases, and a reversed saphenous AVF to the femoral vessels was created. In the remaining five cases, those in the head and neck and arm regions, the recipient(More)
A classification of palatal fracture types is developed from patterns observed on CT scans, and success with open reduction techniques is correlated with fracture pattern. The six palatal fracture types are as follows: I, anterior and posterolateral alveolar; II, sagittal; III, parasagittal; IV, para-alveolar; V, complex; and VI, transverse. Associated(More)
A 17-year experience from 1977 to 1993 with gunshot, shotgun, and high-energy avulsive facial injuries emphasizes the superiority and safety of "ballistic wound" surgical management: (1) immediate stabilization in anatomic position of existing bone, (2) primary closure of existing soft tissue, (3) periodic "second look" serial debridement procedures, and(More)
In the last 20 years, the management of pan-facial injuries has progressed to the point where immediate treatment using open reduction with rigid fixation is now the standard of care. After discussing the historical progression of treatments, the authors present a plan for treatment of craniofacial injuries based on the use of incisions that expose the four(More)
The management of nasoethmoidal orbital injuries can be difficult. Clinical recognition and options for correction are diverse. Recently we treated several patients with limited facial injuries in which the nasoethmoidal complex "greensticks." Treatment with limited exposure and rigid fixation allows for adequate reduction. Clinical recognition and an(More)
The use of costochondral grafts in the acute trauma setting is controversial. This new technique has recently been utilized in two patients with severe condylar head fractures using a newly designed Synthes AO mesh plate with microscrews (0.8 mm) and 1.5-mm fixation. The technique provides superb rigid fixation. This fixation technique is multifaceted and(More)