Natalie J. Forde

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BACKGROUND Gray and white matter brain changes have been found in schizophrenia but the anatomical organizing process underlying these changes remains unknown. We aimed to identify gray and white matter volumetric changes in a group of patients with schizophrenia and to quantify the distribution of white matter tract changes using a novel approach which(More)
BACKGROUND White matter (WM) abnormalities are proposed as potential endophenotypic markers of bipolar disorder (BD). In a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) voxel-based analysis (VBA) study of families multiply affected with BD, we previously reported that widespread abnormalities of fractional anisotropy (FA) are associated with both BD and genetic liability(More)
Disrupted structural connectivity is associated with psychiatric illnesses including bipolar disorder (BP). Here we use structural brain network analysis to investigate connectivity abnormalities in multiply affected BP type I families, to assess the utility of dysconnectivity as a biomarker and its endophenotypic potential. Magnetic resonance diffusion(More)
BACKGROUND The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE), a Canadian-led, multicentre, randomized controlled trial, demonstrated the effectiveness of the ACE inhibitor ramipril in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients who were at high risk for cardiovascular events but did not have left ventricular dysfunction or heart failure. We(More)
BACKGROUND The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) val66met polymorphism is associated with altered activity dependent secretion of BDNF and a variable influence on brain morphology and cognition. Although a met-dose effect is generally assumed, to date the paucity of met-homozygotes have limited our understanding of the role of the met-allele on brain(More)
BACKGROUND In light of growing concerns of bacterial resistance to fluoroquinolones, the province of Ontario instituted a fluoroquinolone restriction policy in March of 2001. The objective of this study was to examine the immediate impact of this policy on the rates of antibiotic prescription use and infectious disease-related hospitalizations among elderly(More)
Adolescence is a period of significant brain changes; however, the effects of age and sex on cortical development are yet to be fully characterized. Here, we utilized innovative intrinsic curvature (IC) analysis, along with the traditional cortical measures [cortical thickness (CT), local gyrification index (LGI), and surface area (SA)], to investigate how(More)
BACKGROUND Although repeatedly associated with white matter microstructural alterations, bipolar disorder (BD) has been relatively unexplored using complex network analysis. This method combines structural and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to model the brain as a network and evaluate its topological properties. A group of highly interconnected(More)
Current hypotheses stipulate core symptoms of schizophrenia (SZ) result from the brain's incapacity to integrate neural processes. Converging diffusion MRI and graph theory studies provide evidence of macrostructural alterations in SZ. However, age-related topological changes within and between white matter (WM) networks with disease progression remain(More)
BACKGROUND Tourette's disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder often co-occur and have both been associated with structural variation of the basal ganglia. However, findings are inconsistent and comorbidity is often neglected. METHODS T1-weighted magnetic resonance images from children (n = 141, 8 to 12 years) with Tourette's disorder and/or(More)