Natalie J. Chandler

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BACKGROUND Although we know much about the molecular makeup of the sinus node (SN) in small mammals, little is known about it in humans. The aims of the present study were to investigate the expression of ion channels in the human SN and to use the data to predict electrical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS Quantitative polymerase chain reaction, in situ(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare DNA repair disorder characterized by increased susceptibility to UV radiation (UVR)-induced skin pigmentation, skin cancers, ocular surface disease, and, in some patients, sunburn and neurological degeneration. Genetically, it is assigned to eight complementation groups (XP-A to -G and variant). For the last 5 y, the UK(More)
We have previously shown in rabbit that the pacemaker of the heart (the sinus node) is widespread and matches the wide distribution of the leading pacemaker site within the right atrium. There is, however, uncertainty about the precise location of the pacemaker in human heart, and its spatial relationships with the surrounding right atrial muscle.(More)
The atrioventricular conduction axis, located in the septal component of the atrioventricular junctions, is arguably the most complex structure in the heart. It fulfils a multitude of functions, including the introduction of a delay between atrial and ventricular systole and backup pacemaking. Like any other multifunctional tissue, complexity is a key(More)
All the myocytes within the heart have the capacity to conduct the cardiac impulse. A population of myocytes is specialized so as to generate the cardiac impulse and then to conduct it from the atrial to the ventricular chambers. This population has become known as the conduction system. Anatomists who seek to demonstrate the location of the components of(More)
Abnormal QT prolongation with the associated arrhythmias is a significant predictor of mortality in diabetic patients. Gap junctional intercellular communication allows electrical coupling between heart muscle cells. The effects of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes mellitus on the expression and distribution of connexin 43 (Cx43) in ventricular muscle(More)
It is known that adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) is a cotransmitter in the heart. Additionally, ATP is released from ischemic and hypoxic myocytes. Therefore, cardiac-derived sources of ATP have the potential to modify cardiac function. ATP activates P2X1–7 and P2Y1–14 receptors; however, the presence of P2X and P2Y receptor subtypes in strategic cardiac(More)
The distribution of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in blood plasma and cardiac muscle and its effects on ventricular myocyte contraction and intracellular free calcium concentration [Ca2+]i in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat have been investigated. Blood plasma concentration and heart atrial and ventricular contents of ANP were significantly(More)