Natalie Grinshtein

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We have previously reported that the CD8+ T cell response elicited by recombinant adenovirus vaccination displayed a delayed contraction in the spleen. In our current study, we demonstrate that this unusual kinetic is a general phenomenon observed in multiple tissues. Phenotypic analysis of transgene-specific CD8+ T cells present 30 days postimmunization(More)
Previous studies determined that the CD8(+) T-cell response elicited by recombinant adenovirus exhibited a protracted contraction phase that was associated with long-term presentation of antigen. To gain further insight into this process, a doxycycline-regulated adenovirus was constructed to enable controlled extinction of transgene expression in vivo. We(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB) is an often fatal pediatric tumor of neural crest origin. We previously isolated NB tumor-initiating cells (NB TIC) from bone marrow metastases that resemble cancer stem cells and form metastatic NB in immunodeficient animals with as few as ten cells. To identify signaling pathways important for the survival and self-renewal of NB TICs(More)
We have investigated the role of CD4(+) T cells in the development of the CD8(+) T-cell response after immunization with recombinant adenovirus (rAd). In the absence of CD4(+) T cells, the "unhelped" CD8(+) T-cell population exhibited a reduction in primary expansion and long-term survival that appeared to be due to inadequate priming of naïve T cells.(More)
The STAT3 gene is abnormally active in glioblastoma (GBM) and is a critically important mediator of tumor growth and therapeutic resistance in GBM. Thus, for poorly treated brain cancers such as gliomas, astrocytomas, and glioblastomas, which harbor constitutively activated STAT3, a STAT3-targeting therapeutic will be of significant importance. Herein, we(More)
We have recently reported that CD8(+) T-cell memory maintenance after immunization with recombinant human adenovirus type 5 (rHuAd5) is dependent upon persistent transgene expression beyond the peak of the response. In this report, we have further investigated the location and nature of the cell populations responsible for this sustained response. The(More)
Excellular hemoglobin is an extremely active oxidant of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), a phenomenon explained so far by different mechanisms. In this study, we analyzed the mechanism of met-hemoglobin oxidability by comparing its mode of operation with other hemoproteins, met-myoglobin and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) or with free hemin. The kinetics of(More)
Adenoviruses (Ads) have shown great utility as vectors for the delivery of genes to mammalian cells, partly because of their ability to infect a wide range of different cell types independent of the replicative state of the cell. However, Ads do not transduce mature muscle efficiently because of low levels of the natural viral primary receptor, the(More)
PURPOSE Neuroblastoma (NB) is an aggressive tumor of the developing peripheral nervous system that remains difficult to cure in the advanced stages. The poor prognosis for high-risk NB patients is associated with common disease recurrences that fail to respond to available therapies. NB tumor-initiating cells (TICs), isolated from metastases and primary(More)
Immunization of mice with human dopachrome tautomerase (hDCT) provides greater protection against melanoma than immunization with the murine homologue (mDCT). We mapped the CD8(+) and CD4(+) T-cell epitopes in both proteins to better understand the mechanisms of the enhanced protection. The dominant CD8(+) T-cell epitopes were fully conserved between both(More)