Natalie F de Souza

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Tuberculosis resurged in the late 1980s and now kills more than 2 million people a year. The reemergence of tuberculosis as a potential public health threat, the high susceptibility of human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons to the disease, and the proliferation of multi-drug-resistant (MDR) strains have created much scientific interest in developing(More)
The vulval precursor cells (VPCs) of Caenorhabditis elegans are polarized epithelial cells that adopt a precise pattern of fates through regulated activity of basolateral LET-23/EGF receptor and apical LIN-12/Notch. During VPC patterning, there is reciprocal modulation of endocytosis and trafficking of both LET-23 and LIN-12. We identified sel-2 as a(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes play a significant role in the predisposition to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or type 1 diabetes. HLA-DQ8 (DQB1*0302, DQA 1*0301) genes have been shown to have the highest relative risk for human type 1 diabetes. To develop a "humanized" mouse model of diabetes, HLA-DQ8 was transgenically expressed in(More)
We have examined the effect of glycosylation on the traffic of the voltage-gated Shaker potassium channel through the secretory pathway of mammalian cells. Shaker is glycosylated on two asparagines (N259 and N263) in the first extracellular loop. Electrophysiological experiments indicate that glycosylation is not necessary for channel integrity(More)
BACKGROUND In 1996, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved regulations authorizing an exception from informed consent (EFIC) for research conducted in emergency settings when obtaining prospective informed consent is not possible due to the potential subject's critical illness or injury. The regulations require that investigators conduct community(More)