Natalie E. Patzlaff

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Ryan M. Drenan,1 Sharon R. Grady,2 Andrew D. Steele,1 Sheri McKinney,1 Natalie E. Patzlaff,2 J. Michael McIntosh,3,4 Michael J. Marks,2 Julie M. Miwa,1 and Henry A. Lester1 1California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, 2Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, and Departments of(More)
Firing rates of dopamine (DA) neurons in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and ventral tegmental area (VTA) control DA release in target structures such as striatum and prefrontal cortex. DA neuron firing in the soma and release probability at axon terminals are tightly regulated by cholinergic transmission and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs).(More)
Nicotine is the primary psychoactive substance in tobacco, and it exerts its effects by interaction with various subtypes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in the brain. One of the major subtypes expressed in brain, the α4β2-nAChR, endogenously modulates neuronal excitability and thereby, modifies certain normal as well as nicotine-induced(More)
In adult mammals, the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles and the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus (DG) show ongoing neurogenesis, and multipotent neural stem or progenitor cells (NSCs) in these two regions exhibit different intrinsic properties. However, investigation of the mechanisms underlying such differences has been limited by a(More)
Dopamine (DA) release in striatum is governed by firing rates of midbrain DA neurons, striatal cholinergic tone, and nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChRs) on DA presynaptic terminals. DA neurons selectively express alpha6* nAChRs, which show high ACh and nicotine sensitivity. To help identify nAChR subtypes that control DA transmission, we studied transgenic(More)
Desensitization is a complex property of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). Several subtypes of nAChR have high sensitivity to nicotine and mediate effects of nicotine at concentrations found in blood of tobacco smokers. Desensitization of some of these receptor subtypes has been studied in model systems, however, other subtypes have been difficult(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) containing α6 subunits are expressed in only a few brain areas, including midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons, noradrenergic neurons of the locus ceruleus, and retinal ganglion cells. To better understand the regional and subcellular expression pattern of α6-containing nAChRs, we created and studied transgenic mice(More)
Particulate hexavalent chromium ((Cr(VI)) compounds are human lung carcinogens. These compounds induce DNA damage, chromosome aberrations, and concentration-dependent cell death in human and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. The relationship between Cr(VI)-induced DNA damage and chromosome aberrations is poorly understood. Accordingly, this study focused(More)
Several mutations in α4 or β2 nicotinic receptor subunits are linked to autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE). One such missense mutation in the gene encoding the β2 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit (CHRNB2) is a valine-to-leucine substitution in the second transmembrane domain at position 287 (β2VL). Previous(More)
Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) are characterized by the expression of chimeric transcription factors Pax3-FKHR and Pax7-FKHR, due to chromosomal translocations fusing PAX3 or PAX7 with the FKHR gene. Although ARMS exhibits a muscle lineage phenotype, the cells evade terminal differentiation despite expressing the potent myogenic transcriptional regulator(More)