Natalie Cookson

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Argyrophilic grain disease (AGD) was first reported as an adult-onset dementia, but recent studies have emphasized personality change, emotional imbalance, and memory problems as clinical features of AGD. AGD is characterized by spindle- or comma-shaped argyrophilic grains in the neuropil of entorhinal cortex, hippocampus, and amygdala. Immunohistochemistry(More)
Olfactory dysfunction increases with disease severity in Alzheimer's disease (AD), is early and independent of disease severity in Parkinson's disease (PD), but is absent in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD). Previous histopathologic studies of olfactory bulbs in AD have shown neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and senile(More)
The Towers of Hanoi and London are presumed to measure executive functions such as planning and working memory. Both have been used as a putative assessment of frontal lobe function. In this study, both tasks were administered to 61 normal adult participants to test the assumption that the two tasks are measuring the same cognitive processes. The results(More)
Argyrophilic grain disease (AGD) is a recently recognized disorder whose relationship to dementia as well as genetic or biochemical features remain incompletely characterized in part due to diagnostic difficulties engendered by concomitant pathologies. In the present study, we reviewed a consecutive series of over 300 brains referred for evaluation of(More)
Striatal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with high affinity for nicotinic agonists are involved with the release of a number of neurotransmitters, including dopamine. Previous findings as to whether these receptors are changed in Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease are inconsistent and no previous investigations have focused on these receptors in(More)
Clinicopathological observations suggest there is considerable overlap between vascular dementia (VaD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We used immunochemical methods to compare quantities of amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides in post mortem brain samples from VaD, AD subjects and nondemented ageing controls. Total Abeta peptides extracted from temporal and frontal(More)
Two extended haplotypes of the tau gene (H1 and H2) have been described. The frequency of H1 haplotype is increased in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). PSP is associated with filamentous tau lesions in neurons and glia, which are reportedly composed exclusively of tau isoforms with four repeats in the microtubule-binding domain (4R tau). To determine(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess demographic and genetic determinants of Alzheimer type pathology in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). METHODS From a total of 173 pathologically proven cases of PSP in the Society for PSP Brain Bank, 143 patients (mean age = 74.4 years, ranging from 42 to 98 years) were suitable for genetic and pathologic study. Senile plaques(More)
Association between clinical characteristics and types of the tau gene mutation has been observed in frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). P301L mutation seldom causes parkinsonism as a leading symptom; instead it usually causes personality changes with aggressiveness and disinhibition. We experienced two patients of(More)
The CA2 sector of the hippocampus is relatively resistant to neurofibrillary tangles in aging and Alzheimer disease; however, some cases have selective neurofibrillary degeneration in CA2 with sparing of the more vulnerable CA1 sector. Cases such as this do not fit in the Braak and Braak staging scheme and can be considered to have an atypical pattern of(More)