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Expansion of plastic-adherent bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) results in gradual loss of osteogenic potential after passage 5-6. One explanation is contamination of MSC cultures with mature cells including fibroblasts. Identification and elimination of fibroblasts from MSC cultures could improve MSC yield and differentiation potential and(More)
We investigated the influence of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling on developmental programmed cell death in the mouse retina by direct and specific molecular targeting of TGF-β type II receptor (TβRII) and Smad7 in retinal progenitor cells. Mice were generated carrying a conditional deletion of the TβRII in cells that originate from the inner(More)
The use of stem cells for tissue engineering (TE) encourages scientists to design new platforms in the field of regenerative and reconstructive medicine. Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) have been proposed to be an important cell source for cell-based TE applications as well as an exciting tool for investigating the fundamentals of human development. Here,(More)
OBJECTIVE The Israeli Yemenite Jewish community has displayed an exceptionally rapid increase in the frequency of type 1 diabetes, having the highest rate of all Israeli ethnic groups. We studied the role of the environment, in relation to the nature and frequency of HLA class II genes, to evaluate its possible involvement in the development of diabetes. (More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic pig islets may provide a substitute in the future for difficult to obtain human islets for transplantation in insulin-dependent diabetes millitus (IDDM) patients. However, the immune response to xenografts may significantly hamper this approach. Because neonatal tissue is believed to be less immunogenic, we examined whether the T-cell(More)
BACKGROUND Therapies based on mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been shown to have potential benefit in several clinical studies. We have shown that, using a medium-based approach, MSC can be induced to secrete elevated levels of neurotropic factors, which have been shown to have protective effects in animal models of neurodegenerative diseases. These(More)
Non-traditional risk factors for atherosclerosis were examined in children whose fathers suffered from myocardial infarction up to age 48. Factors examined were hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], fibrinogen, cardiovascular hyperreactivity, and autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Hyperinsulinemia was present in five cases (9%)(More)
Islet cell antibodies (ICA) continue to serve as the basis of the principal serological test for definition of active autoimmunity of beta-cells. Its disadvantages are the need for human pancreatic tissue and difficulty in obtaining quantitative results. In the past decade biochemically-defined beta-cell antigens were described, leading to the development(More)
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disabilities characterized by severe impairment in social communication skills and restricted, repetitive behaviors. We have previously shown that a single transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) into the cerebral lateral ventricles of BTBR autistic-like mice resulted in an improvement across(More)