Natalie A. Parlane

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Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are naturally occurring organic polyesters that are of interest for industrial and biomedical applications. These polymers are synthesized by most bacteria in times of unbalanced nutrient availability from a variety of substrates and they are deposited intracellularly as insoluble spherical inclusions or PHA granules. The(More)
Tuberculosis continues to be a worldwide problem for both humans and animals. The development of tests to differentiate between infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Mycobacterium bovis and vaccination with M. bovis BCG could greatly assist in the diagnosis of early infection as well as enhance the use of tuberculosis vaccines on a wider scale.(More)
Cattle may provide a suitable model for testing ways of improving tuberculosis vaccine efficacy in human infants. A vaccination and challenge study was undertaken in calves to determine the optimal time to vaccinate neonatal animals with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) for protection against tuberculosis and to determine whether(More)
A method was developed for formulating Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) for oral vaccination against tuberculosis. Selected lipid-based formulations of BCG were tested in the brushtail possum for their ability to elicit immune responses and protection against bovine tuberculosis. Formulation of BCG in lipid matrices maintained bacteria in a(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the ability of milk macrophages and macrophages from the mammary gland secretions during the mid-dry period for their interaction with the mastitis-causing Streptococcus uberis. We also aimed to determine if S. uberis induced the release of the cytokine tumour necrosis alpha (TNF-alpha) and the bactericidal moiety nitric(More)
In this contribution, the impact of bovine natural killer (NK) cells on resistance to bovine tuberculosis was studied, using a monoclonal antibody against bovine NKp46. NK cells cultured with M. bovis-infected macrophages, but not control uninfected macrophages, proliferated and released IFN-gamma. Blood monocyte-derived macrophages were infected with(More)
SETTING An effective oral bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine would have advantages for use in humans and as an oral bait vaccine for protecting wild-life against bovine tuberculosis. OBJECTIVE To compare the level of protection against tuberculosis in intraduodenally BCG-vaccinated possums with those vaccinated intragastrically in order to determine(More)
SETTING Bovine tuberculosis is a problem in a number of countries and protection of cattle by vaccination could be an important control strategy. OBJECTIVES To determine the ability of DNA vaccines, which express the mycobacterial antigens MPB83 and MPB70 and a DNA prime-protein boost strategy to stimulate immune responses in cattle and protect against(More)
AIMS To determine factors that may influence the efficacy of an oral pelleted vaccine containing Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) to induce protection of brushtail possums against tuberculosis. To determine the duration of protective immunity following oral administration of BCG. METHODS In Study 1, a group of possums (n=7) was immunised(More)
The present paper describes the physiological properties of recombinant possum TNF-alpha and an adjuvant effect on antibody responses to the model protein antigen, keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH). For these studies recombinant possum TNF-alpha was produced in the yeast Pichia pastoris. The recombinant cytokine was secreted into the culture medium and(More)