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The Gram-negative bacterium Lysobacter sp. XL1 secretes various proteins, including bacteriolytic enzymes (L1-L5), into the culture medium. These proteins are able to degrade Gram-positive bacteria. The mechanism of secretion of extracellular proteins by Lysobacter sp. XL1 has not been studied hitherto. Electron microscopic investigations revealed the(More)
The Gram-negative bacterium Lysobacter sp. XL1 secretes lytic enzymes (L1-L5) into the culture medium. Enzyme L5 is the most recently found extracellular lytic enzyme of this bacterium. The paper presents the results of the isolation and characterization of some properties of this enzyme. Thus, enzyme L5 of Lysobacter sp. XL1 is a lytic serine protease.(More)
The Gram-negative bacterium Lysobacter sp. XL1 forms vesicles and, using them, secretes an extracellular protein, bacteriolytic endopeptidase L5. Fractionation of a Lysobacter sp. XL1 vesicle preparation in a sucrose density gradient yielded four vesicle fractions of 30%, 35%, 40% and 45% sucrose. The size of most vesicles concentrated in 30% and 35%(More)
Membrane vesicles produced by bacteria have been intensively studied in the recent years. Investigators have noted their roles in essential processes in the bacterial cell including secretion of proteins by the 'eukaryotic' vesicular mechanism. To date, formation of vesicles is not considered to be a spontaneous event. Many believe it to be a programmed(More)
Development of an efficient expression system for (especially secreted) bacterial lytic enzymes is a complicated task due to the specificity of their action. The substrate for such enzymes is peptidoglycan, the main structural component of bacterial cell walls. For this reason, expression of recombinant lytic proteins is often accompanied with lysis of the(More)
The paper deals with the term "intellectual capital" which reflects specific nature of information society evolution based on the knowledge economy to the utmost extent. The author analyzes the link between information society and intellectual capital. The author concludes that in 21st century a new "creative" middle class has virtually arisen in Russia.(More)
Methods and technologies of open data have emerged an important component of the Information Society and e-governance development worldwide. However, the measurement and evaluation of socio-economic and political effects of open data, including the impact on government transparency, still remain debatable. The paper presents the preliminary results of a(More)
Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) produced by Gram-negative bacteria have been intensively investigated in recent times. Vesicle formation models have been proposed, some factors affecting the process were established, and important roles vesicles play in vital activities of their producing cells were determined. Studies of pathogenic bacterial vesicles(More)
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