Natalia V. Zelinskaya

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Heterotrimeric aIF2αβγ (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2) in its GTP-bound form delivers Met-tRNAi(Met) to the small ribosomal subunit. It is known that the heterodimer containing the GTP-bound γ subunit and domain 3 of the α subunit of aIF2 is required for the formation of a stable complex with Met-tRNAi. Here, the(More)
Aminoglycosides are potent, broad spectrum, ribosome-targeting antibacterials whose clinical efficacy is seriously threatened by multiple resistance mechanisms. Here, we report the structural basis for 30S recognition by the novel plasmid-mediated aminoglycoside-resistance rRNA methyltransferase A (NpmA). These studies are supported by biochemical and(More)
X-ray crystal structures were determined of the broad-spectrum aminoglycoside-resistance A1408 16S rRNA methyltransferases KamB and NpmA, from the aminoglycoside-producer Streptoalloteichus tenebrarius and human pathogenic Escherichia coli, respectively. Consistent with their common function, both are Class I methyltransferases with additional highly(More)
Thermostable RNA-binding protein Hfq (also denoted HF1) is a multifunctional expression regulator of many bacterial genes. The regulation takes place both at a translation level (directly) and transcription level (indirectly through the stimulation of bacterial RNA polymerase sigmaS-subunit translation). We have cloned and overexpressed the hfq gene from E.(More)
The x-ray crystal structure of the thiostrepton resistance RNA methyltransferase (Tsr).S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) complex was determined at 2.45-A resolution. Tsr is definitively confirmed as a Class IV methyltransferase of the SpoU family with an N-terminal "L30-like" putative target recognition domain. The structure and our in vitro analysis of the(More)
Methylation of bacterial 16S rRNA within the ribosomal decoding center confers exceptionally high resistance to aminoglycoside antibiotics. This resistance mechanism is exploited by aminoglycoside producers for self-protection while functionally equivalent methyltransferases have been acquired by human and animal pathogenic bacteria. Here, we report(More)
Analysis of the structures of two complexes of 5 S rRNA with homologous ribosomal proteins, Escherichia coli L25 and Thermus thermophilus TL5, revealed that amino acid residues interacting with RNA can be divided into two different groups. The first group consists of non-conserved residues, which form intermolecular hydrogen bonds accessible to solvent. The(More)
High-level resistance to a broad spectrum of aminoglycoside antibiotics can arise through either N7-methyl guanosine 1405 (m⁷G1405) or N1-methyl adenosine 1408 (m¹A1408) modifications at the drug binding site in the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit decoding center. Two distinct families of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) methyltransferases that incorporate these(More)
Two site-specific DNA methyltransferases, M.BcoKIA and M.BcoKIB, were isolated from the thermophilic strain Bacillus coagulans K. Each of the methylases protects the recognition site 5'-CTCTTC-3'/5'-GAAGAG-3' from cleavage with the cognate restriction endonuclease BcoKI. It is shown that M.BcoKIB is an N6-adenine specific methylase and M.BcoKIA is an(More)
Chemical modification of 16S rRNA can confer exceptionally high-level resistance to a diverse set of aminoglycoside antibiotics. Here, we show that the pathogen-derived enzyme NpmA possesses dual m(1)A1408/m(1)G1408 activity, an unexpected property apparently unique among the known aminoglycoside resistance 16S rRNA (m(1)A1408) methyltransferases. Although(More)