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Two closely related shrew species, Sorex granarius and Sorex araneus, in which Robertsonian rearrangements have played a primary role in karyotype evolution, present very distinct telomere length patterns. S. granarius displays hyperlong telomeres specifically associated with the short arms of acrocentrics, whereas telomere lengths in S. araneus are rather(More)
In evolutionary terms, insectivores are thought to be close to primates. Through ZOO-FISH analysis using human chromosome-specific painting probes, the syntenic relationship between the human and common shrew, Sorex araneus, karyotypes was studied. The human karyotype was found to be conserved in the shrew, with 32 autosomal segments of common synteny.(More)
Forty chromosome-specific paint probes of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris, 2n = 78) were used to delineate conserved segments on metaphase chromosomes of the American mink (Mustela vison, 2n = 30) by fluorescence in situ hybridisation. Half of the 38 canine autosomal probes each painted one pair of homologous segments in a diploid mink metaphase, whereas(More)
Sorex araneus and Sorex granarius are sibling species within the Sorex araneus group with karyotypes composed of almost identical chromosome arms. S. granarius has a largely acrocentric karyotype, while, in S. araneus, various of these acrocentrics have combined together by Robertsonian (Rb) fusions to form metacentrics, with the numbers and types of(More)
It is shown that the size, localization, and structure of telomeres in the Iberian shrew (Sorex granarius) are not characteristic of mammals. In this species, long telomeres of an average size of 213 kb are localized on the short arms of all 32 acrocentrics; ribosomal blocks and active nucleolus-organizing regions (NORs) were also discovered there. At the(More)
The review considers data on the composition, organization, and functional significance of terminal regions in mammalian chromosomes, including telomeres and subtelomeric regions. Because of specific structure, features of DNA replication, and characteristic localization in somatic and meiotic cells, these regions are hot spots for many events associated(More)
Recently we have displayed shrew species, Iberian shrew S. granarius, with telomeres of unusual for mammals structure, including long telomeres on the short acrocentrics arms containing 213 kb on average and short telomeres (3.8 kb) on the other chromosomal ends (Zhdanova et al., 2005, 2007). However, it is not clear if such telomeres are characteristic of(More)
Comparison of evolutionarily conserved mammalian chromosomes homologous to human chromosome 17, performed with microdissected painting probes, revealed rearrangements inside these chromosomes in mink and pig and a disruption of this conserved region in the fox. Detection of a homologous region on an Iberian shrew chromosome showed the efficiency of(More)
The rat represents an important animal model that, in many respects, is superior to the mouse for dissecting behavioral, cardiovascular and other physiological pathologies relevant to humans. Derivation of induced pluripotent stem cells from rats (riPS) opens the opportunity for gene targeting in specific rat strains, as well as for the development of new(More)