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Most great ape genetic variation remains uncharacterized; however, its study is critical for understanding population history, recombination, selection and susceptibility to disease. Here we sequence to high coverage a total of 79 wild- and captive-born individuals representing all six great ape species and seven subspecies and report 88.8 million single(More)
A corollary of the nearly neutral theory of molecular evolution is that the efficiency of natural selection depends on effective population size. In this study, we evaluated the differences in levels of synonymous polymorphism among Drosophila species and showed that these differences can be explained by differences in effective population size. The(More)
MOTIVATION Polymorphism studies are one of the main research areas of this genomic era. To date, however, no comprehensive secondary databases have been designed to provide searchable collections of polymorphic sequences with their associated diversity measures. RESULTS We define a data model for the storage, representation and analysis of genotypic and(More)
A major challenge of modern Biology is elucidating the functional consequences of natural mutations. Although we have a good understanding of the effects of laboratory-induced mutations on the molecular- and organismal-level phenotypes, the study of natural mutations has lagged behind. In this work, we explore the phenotypic space and the evolutionary(More)
As a growing number of haplotypic sequences from resequencing studies are now accumulating for Drosophila in the main primary sequence databases, collectively they can now be used to describe the general pattern of nucleotide variation across species and genes of this genus. The Drosophila Polymorphism Database (DPDB) is a secondary database that provides a(More)
The maintenance of the telomeres in Drosophila species depends on the transposition of the non-LTR retrotransposons HeT-A, TAHRE and TART. HeT-A and TART elements have been found in all studied species of Drosophila suggesting that their function has been maintained for more than 60 million years. Of the three elements, HeT-A is by far the main component of(More)
The nearly neutral theory of molecular evolution states that the efficiency of natural selection depends on the effective population size. By using a wide range of multispecies data on nucleotide polymorphism, we have tried to ascertain whether there are any differences in the level of selective constraints of metabolic process genes between Mammals and(More)
We report a significant negative correlation between nonsynonymous polymorphism and intron length in Drosophila melanogaster. This correlation is similar to that between protein divergence and intron length previously reported in Drosophila. We show that the relationship can be explained by the content of conserved noncoding sequences (CNS) within introns.(More)
— Performances atteignables en pratique pour la commande de la température d'un catalyseur d'oxydation Diesel — Ce papier propose un modèle simplifié pour la commande d'un catalyseur d'oxydation Diesel (DOC). Ce modèle à paramètres répartis prend en compte la génération de chaleur spatialement répartie liée à l'oxydation des réducteurs. Il vise à être(More)
We set out to investigate potential differences and similarities between the selective forces acting upon the coding and noncoding regions of five different sets of genes defined according to functional and evolutionary criteria: 1) two reference gene sets presenting accelerated and slow rates of protein evolution (the Complement and Actin pathways); 2) a(More)