Natalia Pascuali

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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a frequent pathology that affects more than 5% of women of reproductive age. Among other heterogeneous symptoms, PCOS is characterized by abnormalities in angiogenesis. Metformin has been introduced in the treatment of PCOS to manage insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. Besides its metabolic effects, metformin has been(More)
The platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) system is crucial for blood vessel stability. In the present study, we evaluated whether PDGFs play a critical intraovarian survival role in gonadotropin-dependent folliculogenesis. We examined the effect of intrabursal administration of a selective platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) inhibitor (AG1295)(More)
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a complication of ovarian stimulation with gonadotrophins following human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) administration. The relationship between hCG and OHSS is partly mediated via the production of angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and angiopoietins (ANGPTs). Here, we(More)
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a disorder associated with ovarian stimulation. OHSS features are ovarian enlargement with fluid shifting to the third space. Disturbances in the vasculature are considered the main changes that lead to OHSS. Our aim was to analyze the levels of angiopoietins 1 and 2 (ANGPT1 and 2) and their soluble and membrane(More)
STUDY QUESTION Are follicular fluid (FF) sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) levels in patients at risk of developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) altered and in part responsible for the high vascular permeability observed in these patients. STUDY ANSWER FF S1P levels are lower in FF from patients at risk of OHSS and treatment with S1P may reduce(More)
STUDY QUESTION Can the bioactive lipid sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P) act as an endothelial barrier-enhancing molecule and, in turn, restore the vascular integrity and homoeostasis in a rat model of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). STUDY ANSWER In vivo administration of S1P may prevent the early onset of OHSS and decrease its severity. WHAT IS(More)
The relationship between human chorionic gonadotropin and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is partially mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of VEGF inhibition on the development of corpora lutea (CL) and cystic structures, steroidogenesis, apoptosis, cell proliferation,(More)
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