Natalia P. Mishchenko

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Echinochrome A (Ech A) is a natural pigment from sea urchins that has been reported to have antioxidant properties and a cardio protective effect against ischemia reperfusion injury. In this study, we ascertained whether Ech A enhances the mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative phosphorylation in rat cardio myoblast H9c2 cells. To study the effects of Ech A(More)
The results of qualitative and quantitative determination of anthraquinones in Indian madder (Rubia cordifolia L.) cell culture are presented. According to the 1H and 13C NMR, UV, IR, and mass-spectroscopic data, seven anthraquinones have been identified, in which munjistin and purpurin are predominant. The cell culture preparation exhibits antiinflammatory(More)
Echinochrom, a new antioxidant of the polyhydroxynaphthaquinone class, was tested for its cardioprotective activity in a model of occlusive reperfusion myocardial infarction (90-min occlusion and 4-hour reperfusion) in the acute experiments with open-chest dogs. The bolus intravenous injection of echinochrom in a dose of 1 mg/kg 5 min before reperfusion(More)
Changes in the diameter of brain vessels and intensity of collateral blood flow typical of chronic ischemia were detected by magnetic resonance imaging in senescence-accelerated OXYS rats demonstrating reduced (compared to Wistar rats) research and exploratory activity. Histochrome (antioxidant drug) produced positive effects on cerebral vessels in OXYS(More)
Echinochrome A (EchA) is a dark-red pigment of the polyhydroxynaphthoquinone class isolated from sea urchin Scaphechinus mirabilis. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors are used in the treatment of various neuromuscular disorders, and are considered as strong therapeutic agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although EchA is clinically(More)
Among biologically active substances of natural origin, the secondary metabolites of marine organisms are of special interest. Occurring in a medium significantly different from dry land, these organisms originated from more ancient times and passed through a longer path of evolution and adaptation. All this is reflected in the peculiarities of their(More)
From a hexane extract of the dry lichen we have isolated six anthraquinones: chrysophanol (I), islandicin (II), cynodontin (III), emodin (IV), a tetrahydroxymethylanthraquinone (V), and a pentahydroxymethylanthraquinone (VI). The structures of (I) and (IV) were confirmed by direct comparison with authentic samples. The structures of (II) and (III) were(More)
The clinical efficacy of the formulation Histochrome cannot be explained solely on the basis of its antioxidant properties. With the aim of identifying possible additional mechanisms of action of the medicinal substance (echinochrome A) in Histochrome, its effects on p53 expression were studied in bone marrow cells in SHK mice in a model of chronic stress.(More)
The efficacy of a new bioantioxidant histochrome is studied in 92 patients (98 eyes). The drug was injected subconjunctivally or parabulbarly in a dose of 0.5 ml 0.02% solution daily, 7-10 injections per course. The clinical effect of histochrome is determined by the localization, duration, and extent of the process. The drug was the most effective in the(More)
Echinochrome A (Ech A) is a naphthoquinoid pigment from sea urchins that possesses antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and chelating abilities. Although Ech A is the active substance in the ophthalmic and cardiac drug Histochrome®, its underlying cardioprotective mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the protective(More)