Natalia Miguel Martinho

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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra and inter-rater reliability of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) dynamometric measurements for maximum and average strengths, as well as endurance. METHOD A convenience sample of 18 nulliparous women, without any urogynecological complaints, aged between 19 and 31 (mean age of 25.4 ± 3.9) participated in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of abdominopelvic training by virtual reality compared to pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) using a gym ball (a previously tested and efficient protocol) on postmenopausal women's pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength. METHOD A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 60 postmenopausal women, randomly allocated(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES several studies have been investigated co-activation can enhance the effectveness of PFM training protocols allowing preventive and therapeutic goals in pelvic floor dysfunctions. The objective of the present study was to investigate if an abdominal-pelvic protocol of training (APT) using gametherapy would allow co-activation of(More)
Hypothesis / aims of study The evaluation of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) is recommended by the International Continence Society and is considered essential to evaluate the effect of pre and post therapeutic intervention. There are several methods for evaluating the PFM used by researchers. Among them, the vaginal dynamometry has been studied for being an(More)
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