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Water-soluble polysaccharide fractions were extracted from the brown alga Laminaria cichorioides. Samples were collected monthly from May to October in Troitsa Bay (Japan Sea, Russia). Analysis showed that the content and monosaccharide composition of the fractions changed with the collection season. Fucoidan was isolated and purified from the most(More)
Polysaccharide and lipid composition of the Pacific brown seaweed Laminaria gurjanovae is determined. Alginic acid is shown to be the main polysaccharide of its biomass (about 28%); it consists of mannuronic and guluronic acid residues at a ratio of 3 : 1. The yield of water-soluble polymannuronic acid is low and does not exceed 1.1% of dry biomass. High(More)
Four fucoidan fractions from brown alga Costaria costata, collected at different life-stages: vegetative, May (5F2 and 5F3) and generative, July (7F1 and 7F2) collections were characterized. It was found that seaweed synthesizes different set of fucoidans - one with high fucose content and substantial percentage of hexoses and uronic acid and lower sulfate(More)
Rapid mass spectrometric investigation of oligosaccharides, obtained by autohydrolysis of fucoidans from brown algae Silvetia babingtonii and Fucus evanescens (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) has shown both similarities and differences in structural features/sulfation pattern of their fragments, obtained in the same conditions. Tandem MALDI-TOF MS of(More)
Fucoidans isolated from Fucus evanescens and Laminaria cichorioides kelp can inhibit thrombin and factor Xa of the blood coagulation system. In rats, intravenous injection of fucoidans dose-dependently increased anticoagulant activity of the plasma. Fucoidans can form complexes with protamine sulfate. The observed quantitative differences in the action of(More)
The activities of hydrolases (acid phosphatase, RNase, and proteases) in healthy and tobacco mosaic virus-infected leaves of Nicotiana tabacum L. var. Samsun, both untreated and treated with polysaccharides (PS) (1,3;1,6-β-D-glucan, fucoidan, and κ/β-carrageenan), were determined. The PS lead to substantial increase in the hydrolase level. The percentage of(More)
In vitro and in vivo experiments showed that anticoagulant activity of sulfated polysaccharide from Fucus evanescens (brown algae of the Okhotsk Sea) was similar to that of heparin. Anticoagulant properties of fucoidan are determined by thrombin inhibition mediated via plasma antithrombin III.
A fucoidan, a heterogeneous sulfated polysaccharide from the brown alga Fucus evanescens, was depolymerized under solvolytic conditions, and its ethanol-extracted low-molecular-weight fraction was analyzed by MALDI-TOFMS and ESIMS/MS. It was found that the mixture contained unsulfated oligosaccharides including some monosulfated components, which were shown(More)
Fucoidans and laminarans from Laminaria cichorioides, Laminaria japonica, Fucus evanescens, laminaran from Laminaria gurjanovae, other beta-D-glucans (translam, pustulan and zymosan) and lambda-carrageenan from Chondrus armatus were used to study the effect of water-soluble polysaccharides from seaweeds on the alternative pathway of complement (APC).(More)
Polysaccharide composition of neutral, acid- and alkali-soluble fractions of the diatoms Stephanodiscus meyerii Genkal et Popovsk and Aulacoseira baicalensis (K. Meyer) Simonsen of Lake Baikal has been studied. Neutral polysaccharides were represented by chrysolaminarans (1-->3;1-->6-beta-D-glucans). The chrysolaminaran from S. meyerii consists of the high-(More)