Natalia Lozovaya

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Synaptic vesicle fusion in brain synapses occurs in phases that are either tightly coupled to action potentials (synchronous), immediately following action potentials (asynchronous), or as stochastic events in the absence of action potentials (spontaneous). Synaptotagmin-1, -2, and -9 are vesicle-associated Ca2+ sensors for synchronous release. Here we(More)
Epileptic encephalopathies are severe brain disorders with the epileptic component contributing to the worsening of cognitive and behavioral manifestations. Acquired epileptic aphasia (Landau-Kleffner syndrome, LKS) and continuous spike and waves during slow-wave sleep syndrome (CSWSS) represent rare and closely related childhood focal epileptic(More)
We report that the oxytocin-mediated neuroprotective γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) excitatory-inhibitory shift during delivery is abolished in the valproate and fragile X rodent models of autism. During delivery and subsequently, hippocampal neurons in these models have elevated intracellular chloride levels, increased excitatory GABA, enhanced glutamatergic(More)
Epilepsy-aphasia syndromes (EAS) are a group of rare, severe epileptic encephalopathies of unknown etiology with a characteristic electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern and developmental regression particularly affecting language. Rare pathogenic deletions that include GRIN2A have been implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders. We sought to delineate the(More)
At many central synapses, endocannabinoids released by postsynaptic cells act retrogradely on presynaptic G-protein-coupled cannabinoid receptors to inhibit neurotransmitter release. Here, we demonstrate that cannabinoids may directly affect the functioning of inhibitory glycine receptor (GlyR) channels. In isolated hippocampal pyramidal and Purkinje(More)
Whole-cell, patch-clamp recordings from acutely isolated cerebellar Purkinje neurons demonstrate a two-stage modulation of P-type high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ current by a constituent of St. John's wort, hyperforin (0.04–0.8 µM). The first stage of modulation was voltage dependent and reversible. It comprised slow-down of the activation kinetics and a(More)
Endocannabinoids released by postsynaptic cells inhibit neurotransmitter release in many central synapses by activating presynaptic cannabinoid CB1 receptors. In particular, in the cerebellum, endocannabinoids inhibit synaptic transmission at granule cell to Purkinje cell synapses by modulating presynaptic calcium influx via N-, P/Q-, and R-type calcium(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are widely expressed in mammalian sensory neurons and supposedly play a role in nociception and acid sensing. In the course of functioning the redox status of the tissue is subjected to changes. Using whole-cell patch-clamp/concentration clamp techniques we have investigated the effect of redox reagents on the ASIC-like(More)
The neuromodulatory effects of cannabinoids in the central nervous system have mainly been associated with G-protein coupled cannabinoid receptor (CB1R) mediated inhibition of voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs). Numerous studies show, however, that cannabinoids can also modulate VGCCs independent of CB1R activation. Nevertheless, despite the fact that(More)
N-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels (N-VDCCs) play important roles in neurotransmitter release and certain postsynaptic phenomena. These channels are modulated by a number of intracellular factors, notably by Gbetagamma subunits of G proteins, which inhibit N-VDCCs in a voltage-dependent (VD) manner. Here we show that an increase in intracellular Na(+)(More)