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Current work in object categorization discriminates among objects that typically possess gross differences which are readily apparent. However, many applications require making much finer distinctions. We address an insect categorization problem that is so challenging that even trained human experts cannot readily categorize images of insects considered in(More)
Complex activities typically consist of multiple primitive events happening in parallel or sequentially over a period of time. Understanding such activities requires recognizing not only each individual event but, more importantly, capturing their spatiotemporal dependencies over different time intervals. Most of the current graphical model-based approaches(More)
This paper describes a computer vision approach to automated rapid-throughput taxonomic identification of stonefly larvae. The long-term objective of this research is to develop a cost-effective method for environmental monitoring based on automated identification of indicator species. Recognition of stonefly larvae is challenging because they are highly(More)
This paper describes a fully automated stone fly-larvae classification system using a local features approach. It compares the three region detectors employed by the system: the Hessian-affine detector, the Kadir entropy detector and a new detector we have developed called the principal curvature based region detector (PCBR). It introduces a concatenated(More)
The combination of local features, complementary feature types, and relative position information has been successfully applied to many object-class recognition tasks. Stacking is a common classification approach that combines the results from multiple classifiers, having the added benefit of allowing each classifier to handle a different feature space.(More)
This paper proposes an image classification method based on extracting image features using Haar random forests and combining them with a spatial matching kernel SVM. The method works by combining multiple efficient, yet powerful, learning algorithms at every stage of the recognition process. On the task of identifying aquatic stonefly larvae, the method(More)
We present a visually based method for the taxonomic identification of benthic invertebrates that automates image capture, image processing, and specimen classification. The BugID system automatically positions and images specimens with minimal user input. Images are then processed with interest operators (machine-learning algorithms for locating(More)
Many research groups and governmental organizations, including the US Environmental Protection Agency, collect samples of insect larvae from freshwater streams to assess the health of stream ecosystems. Specimens in the samples are manually identified to the level of species or species group and counted. This is expensive, timeconsuming, and requires many(More)
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