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Recombinant form of Haemonchus contortus aminopeptidase H11, an intestinal membrane glycoprotein considered to be in its native form the most promising vaccine candidate, was produced in insect cells, characterised and tested in pilot vaccination-challenge trial on sheep. The sequence of the cloned gene, obtained by RT PCR isolated from adult worms, showed(More)
TNPO3 is a nuclear importer required for HIV-1 infection. Here, we show that depletion of TNPO3 leads to an HIV-1 block after nuclear import but prior to integration. To investigate the mechanistic requirement of TNPO3 in HIV-1 infection, we tested the binding of TNPO3 to the HIV-1 core and found that TNPO3 binds to the HIV-1 core. Overall, this work(More)
Fasciola hepatica juveniles express immunodominant cathepsin L proteins, which are mainly found in their immature, procathepsin form. A gene encoding such a procathepsin L (FheCL3) was expressed by a baculovirus recombinant and by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The glycosylated FheCL3 proteins obtained by both systems were used in a vaccination/challenge(More)
Expression of the cellular karyopherin TNPO3/transportin-SR2/Tnp3 is necessary for HIV-1 infection. Depletion of TNPO3 expression in mammalian cells inhibits HIV-1 infection after reverse transcription but prior to integration. This work explores the role of cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor subunit 6 (CPSF6) in the ability of TNPO3-depleted(More)
Old World monkey TRIM5alpha proteins are known to block the replication of human immunodeficiency virus and other retroviruses in a species-specific fashion. In this report, we show that specific forms of simian TRIM5alpha proteins can restrict herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. To define the effect of TRIM5alpha on HSV replication, we examined HSV(More)
Glycoproteins E (gE) and I (gI) of Pseudorabies virus (PRV) form a non-covalently bound complex to which a number of functions have been attributed. The gE/gI complex formation was studied using a series of full-length and truncated forms of gE and gI expressed in baculovirus recombinant system. Both glycoproteins were truncated by stepwise removal of their(More)
The replication-defective herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) dl5-29 mutant virus strain with deletions in the U(L)5 and U(L)29 genes has been shown to protect mice and guinea pigs against challenge with wild-type (wt) HSV-2 and to protect against ocular disease caused by HSV-1 infection. The dl5-29 strain is currently being prepared for clinical trials as a(More)
Members of the tripartite motif (TRIM) protein family of RING E3 ubiquitin (Ub) ligases promote innate immune responses by catalyzing synthesis of polyubiquitin chains linked through lysine 63 (K63). Here, we investigate the mechanism by which the TRIM5α retroviral restriction factor activates Ubc13, the K63-linkage-specific E2. Structural, biochemical, and(More)
Understanding the interplay between nucleoporins and chromatin factors to orchestrate HIV-1 replication. Description of the research project NPCs are stable structures with specific functions in nuclear transport, genome organization, genome stability and gene expression regulation. Non dividing cells are the major target of HIV-1, thus its passage through(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects humans, with a prevalence around 3% of population, causing acute and chronic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. We studied the effect of inhibition of glycosylation on the assembly of the HCV particle. HCV possesses two envelope glycoproteins E1 and E2 that are highly modified by N-glycans. These glycan residues are(More)
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