Natalia I Denisenko-Nehrbass

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In myelinated fibers of the vertebrate nervous system, glial-ensheathing cells interact with axons at specialized adhesive junctions, the paranodal septate-like junctions. The axonal proteins paranodin/Caspr and contactin form a cis complex in the axolemma at the axoglial adhesion zone, and both are required to stabilize the junction. There has been intense(More)
Caspr/paranodin, a neuronal transmembrane glycoprotein, is essential for the structure and function of septate-like paranodal axoglial junctions at nodes of Ranvier. A closely related protein, Caspr2, is concentrated in juxtaparanodal regions where it associates indirectly with the shaker-type potassium channels. Although ultrastructural studies indicate(More)
Paranodin/contactin-associated protein (caspr) is a transmembrane glycoprotein of the neurexin superfamily that is highly enriched in the paranodal regions of myelinated axons. We have investigated the role of its association with F3/contactin, a glycosylphosphatidyl inositol (GPI)-anchored neuronal adhesion molecule of the Ig superfamily. Paranodin was not(More)
Caspr/paranodin is an essential neuronal component of paranodal axoglial junctions, associated with contactin/F3. Its short intracellular domain contains a conserved motif (GNP motif) capable of binding protein 4.1 domains [FERM domains (four point one, ezrin, radixin, moesin)]. Schwannomin/merlin is a tumour suppressor expressed in many cell types,(More)
The membrane of myelinated axons is divided into functionally distinct domains characterized by the enrichment of specific proteins. The mechanisms responsible for this organization have not been fully identified. To further address the role of oligodendrocytes in the functional segmentation of the axolemma in vivo, the distribution of nodal (Na(+)(More)
The song system of songbirds, a set of brain nuclei necessary for song learning and production, has distinctive morphological and functional properties. Utilizing differential display, we searched for molecular components involved in song system regulation. We identified a cDNA (zRalDH) that encodes a class 1 aldehyde dehydrogenase. zRalDH was highly(More)
The function of myelinated fibers depends on the clustering of sodium channels at nodes of Ranvier, the integrity of the myelin sheath, and the existence of tight axoglial junctions at paranodes, on either sides of the nodes. While the ultrastructure of these regions has been known for several decades, recent progress has been accomplished in the(More)
Disulfiram, an aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor, interferes with normal song maturation when applied to brain nucleus HVC of male zebra finches. We present here evidence from Western blots and enzymatic assays showing that known disulfiram targets other than retinaldehyde-specific aldehyde dehydrogenase (zRalDH) are absent in HVC. These findings are(More)
The axoglial paranodal junctions, flanking the Ranvier nodes, are specialized adhesion sites between the axolemma and myelinating glial cells. Unraveling the molecular composition of paranodal junctions is crucial for understanding the mechanisms involved in the regulation of myelination, and positioning and segregation of the voltage-gated Na+ and K+(More)
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