Natalia Erazo

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The psychophysiological startle response pattern associated with peritraumatic dissociation (DISS) was studied in 103 survivors of a life-threatening cardiac event (mean age 61.0 years, SD 13.95). Mean time period since the cardiac event was 37 (79 IQD) months. All patients underwent a psychodiagnostic evaluation (including the Peritraumatic Dissociative(More)
BACKGROUND Overall, decreasing suicide mortality rates were observed in the last decades in most Western populations. However, it remains unclear, whether these favourable trends occurred uniformly in particular suicide methods. Therefore, the present study evaluated time trends of suicide mortality by method in Germany over the period 1991-2002. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Over the last decade, significant downward linear time trends in suicide mortality were observed in most Western countries. To date, it is not established whether those favourable time trends developed homogeneously for sex and age groups and how they were affected by the number of undetermined deaths. METHODS Data on suicide mortality and(More)
Current knowledge on behavioural patterns and personal characteristics of subjects who choose the railway as means of suicide is sparse. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of three distinct behaviour patterns (jumping, lying, wandering) in railway suicides and to explore associated variables. Cases were derived from the National Central(More)
Among risk factors for suicide, suicidal ideation (SID) is of paramount importance. This study sought to determine sex- and age-related SID point prevalence rates in the general population. A population-based survey of 3154 subjects, 35 to 84 years, conducted in 2004/05 in southern Germany, identified 170 subjects (5.4%; 95% CI 4.6-6.2) suffering from SID(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking and heavy alcohol use predicts suicidal behaviour. Whether the simultaneous presentation of both conditions induces an amplified effect on risk prediction has not been investigated so far. METHODS In a community-based cohort study, a total of 12,888 subjects (6,456 men, 6,432 women; age range of 25-74 years at assessment) from three(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of fatalities on the European Union (EU) railways are suicides, representing about 60% of all railway fatalities. The aim of this study was to compare time patterns of suicidal behaviour on railway tracks in Germany between two observation periods (1995-1998 and 2005-2008) in order to investigate their stability and value in railway(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study addressed potential harms of a negative working environment for employed subjects. The main aim was to evaluate if adverse working conditions and job strain are related to an increase in suicide mortality. METHODS The study population consisted of 6817 participants drawn from the MONICA/KORA Augsburg, Germany, surveys conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide prediction during psychiatric in-patient treatment remains an unresolved challenge. AIMS To identify determinants of railway suicides in individuals receiving in-patient psychiatric treatment. METHOD The study population was drawn from patients admitted to six psychiatric hospitals in Germany during a 10-year period (1997-2006). Data(More)
powerful emotional charge since psychiatric in-patient care is supposed to be a safe haven from the destructive consequences of mental illness. Consequently, hospital staff often feel a sense of failure and guilt when patients who have been admitted to hospital take their own lives. Medical and nursing staff often believe that they should have assessed the(More)