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We describe a technique for the detection and localization of RNA transcripts in living cells. The method is based on fluorescent-protein complementation regulated by the interaction of a split RNA-binding protein with its corresponding RNA aptamer. In our design, the RNA-binding protein is the eukaryotic initiation factor 4A (eIF4A). eIF4A is dissected(More)
Large-scale analysis of the GC-content distribution at the gene level reveals both common features and basic differences in genomes of different groups of species. Sharp changes in GC content are detected at the transcription boundaries for all species analyzed, including human, mouse, rat, chicken, fruit fly, and worm. However, two substantially distinct(More)
Bacteria have a complex internal organization with specific localization of many proteins and DNA, which dynamically move during the cell cycle and in response to changing environmental stimuli. Much less is known, however, about the localization and movements of RNA molecules. By modifying our previous RNA labeling system, we monitor the expression and(More)
Fluorescent proteins have proven to be excellent reporters and biochemical sensors with a wide range of applications. In a split form, they are not fluorescent, but their fluorescence can be restored by supplementary protein–protein or protein–nucleic acid interactions that reassemble the split polypeptides. However, in prior studies, it took hours to(More)
Many genetic and infectious diseases can be targeted at the RNA level as RNA is more accessible than DNA. We seek to develop new approaches for detection and tracking RNA in live cells, which is necessary for RNA-based diagnostics and therapy. We recently described a method for RNA visualization in live bacterial cells based on fluorescent protein(More)
We have developed a strategy for multiplex PCR based on PCR suppression. PCR suppression allows DNA target amplification with only one sequence-specific primer per target and a second primer that is common for all targets. Therefore, an n-plex PCR would require only n + 1 primers. We have demonstrated uniform, efficient amplification of targeted sequences(More)
The specific structural features of stem-loop (hairpin) DNA constructs provide increased specificity of target recognition. Recently, several robust assays have been developed that exploit the potential of structurally constrained oligonucleotides to hybridize with their cognate targets. Here, I review new diagnostic approaches based on the formation of(More)
Here, we present a protocol for isolating the large N-terminal fragment of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) with a preformed chromophore. By itself, the chromophore-containing EGFP fragment exhibits very weak fluorescence, but it rapidly becomes brightly fluorescent upon complementation with the corresponding small, C-terminal EGFP fragment. Each(More)
Cancer cells differ from normal cells in various parameters, and these differences are caused by genomic mutations and consequential altered gene expression. The genetic and functional heterogeneity of tumor cells is a major challenge in cancer research, detection, and effective treatment. As such, the use of diagnostic methods is important to reveal this(More)