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Herein we report the synthesis, intercalating properties, and analytical applications of an imidazole-substituted naphthalene diimide, N,N'-bis(3-propylimidazole)-1,4,5,8-naphthalene diimide (PIND), functionalized with electrocatalytic redox moieties. PIND was prepared in a single-step reaction from the corresponding dianhydride. Attachment of the redox(More)
Nanobiointerfaces were prepared based on an electrically conductive polyethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT). Thin (<100 nm), ultrasmooth (roughness ( R(rms)) < 5 nm), and functionalized PEDOT films have been successfully electropolymerized using aqueous microemulsion. The microemulsion polymerization is found to be catalyzed in the presence of a low(More)
A redox active and electrochemiluminescent (ECL) threading bis-intercalator, consisting of two N,N'-bis(3-propyl-imidazole)-1,4,5,8-naphthalene diimides (PIND) linked by a Ru(dmbpy)2(2+) (dmbpy = 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine) complex (PIND-Ru-PIND), was synthesized for the first time. Its optical, electrochemical, and ECL properties were studied. UV-vis(More)
An electrochemical biosensor for the detection of DNA based a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) capture probe (CP) modified indium tin oxide electrode (ITO) is described in this report. After hybridization, a threading intercalator, N,N'-bis[(3-propyl)-imidazole]-1,4,5,8-naphthalene diimide (PIND) imidazole complexed with Ru(bpy)(2)Cl (PIND-Ru,(More)
A simple and ultrasensitive procedure for non-labeling detection of nucleic acids is described in this study. It is based on the photoelectrochemical detection of target nucleic acids by forming a nucleic acid/photoreporter adduct layer on an ITO electrode. The target nucleic acids were hybridized with immobilized oligonucleotide capture probes on the ITO(More)
Efficient DNA intercalators comprising naphthalene diimide grafted with ethylenedioxythiophene monomer were successfully designed, synthesized and applied to mediate/promote conducting polymer growth electrochemically on biosensor electrodes for direct and amplified DNA detection.
An ultrasensitive nucleic acid biosensor for the direct detection of attomoles nucleic acid in 1.0-5.0 [corrected] microl droplets is described which can be used for detection of cancer marker genes in mRNA extracted from human breast tissues without a RT-PCR step.
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